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The Liverpool UnderworldCrime in the City, 1750-1900$
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Michael Macilwee

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781846316999

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317064

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

The Lowest Circle of Hell

The Lowest Circle of Hell

(p.89) Seven The Lowest Circle of Hell
The Liverpool Underworld
Liverpool University Press

This chapter examines the conditions of the poor Irish migrants in Liverpool during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It explains that the Irish poor often sought warmth and comfort in brightly lit public houses and some of them also lived in subterranean dwellings. There were around 39,000 people crammed into 7,800 cellars during the 1860s. This chapter also describes the living conditions of working–class Irish migrants who lived in confined spaces, either domestically or out on the bustling streets.

Keywords:   Irish migrants, poor, living conditions, subterranean dwellings, cellars, working class, confined spaces

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