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The Liverpool UnderworldCrime in the City, 1750-1900$
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Michael Macilwee

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781846316999

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317064

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(p.118) Nine Violence
The Liverpool Underworld
Liverpool University Press

This chapter examines the history of violence in Liverpool during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It explains that Liverpool men were physically built for fighting, and they had a psychological propensity for violence. It suggests that Liverpool's notorious reputation for violence may be attributed to its history of sectarian battles and ruffianism imported from Ireland. It describes styles of fighting that were considered most un–English and highlights the involvement of both women and children in violence.

Keywords:   violence, sectarian battles, ruffianism, Ireland, women, children

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