- Title Pages
- One Introduction
- Two Gibraltar Incommunicado
- Three The Lisbon Agreement
- Four Spain's Approaches to NATO
- Five ‘Different and Distant’? the Falklands/Malvinas Dispute
- Six Spain Joins NATO
- Seven The Border Remains Closed
- Eight Felipe Opens the Gates
- Nine Towards the Brussels Declaration
- Ten The Border is Fully Opened: Negotiations Get Under Way
- Eleven Osmosis Begins
- Twelve Sovereignty and Sovereigns
- Thirteen Into Felipe's Second Term: Guards and Gates
- Fourteen The Battle over the Airport
- Fifteen Gibraltarians Vote to Resist
- Sixteen First Visits by First Ladies
- Seventeen The Bossano Strategy
- Eighteen Spain's Role in Death on the Rock
- Nineteen A European Hong Kong?
- Twenty Tackling Money-Laundering and Smuggling
- Twenty-One Felipe Visits London
- Twenty-Two Four More Years for Joe Bossano
- Twenty-Three The External Frontier Issue Remains Unresolved
- Twenty-Four Conclusion
- Appendix 1 The Treaty of Utrecht (2–13 July 1713)
- Appendix 2 The Lisbon Agreement (10 April 1980)
- Appendix 3 The Brussels Declaration (27 November 1984)
- Appendix 4 The Government of Gibraltar
- (p.91) Eleven Osmosis Begins
- A Stone in Spain's Shoe
- Liverpool University Press
This chapter discusses events during the first few months of the reopening of the border. In the weeks and months after 5 February 1985, business boomed from the new tourist trade to Gibraltar. Many Gibraltarians also crossed into the Campo to shop at the hypermarket Continente, or for the market in La Línea. One significant Gibraltarian who on 18 April made his first visit to the Campo after a 20–year interval was the Chief Minister, Sir Joshua Hassan. He was returning the official visit of the Chairman of the Councils of the Campo Region, Rafael Palomino, who went to Gibraltar on 22 March. For the Spaniards of the Campo, the visit was an important step in re–establishing direct personal contacts, which they saw as an essential part of the process of ‘osmosis’ (as they called it), which would help to normalise relations between the Rock and the Campo.
Liverpool Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.