- Title Pages
- One Introduction
- Two Gibraltar Incommunicado
- Three The Lisbon Agreement
- Four Spain's Approaches to NATO
- Five ‘Different and Distant’? the Falklands/Malvinas Dispute
- Six Spain Joins NATO
- Seven The Border Remains Closed
- Eight Felipe Opens the Gates
- Nine Towards the Brussels Declaration
- Ten The Border is Fully Opened: Negotiations Get Under Way
- Eleven Osmosis Begins
- Twelve Sovereignty and Sovereigns
- Thirteen Into Felipe's Second Term: Guards and Gates
- Fourteen The Battle over the Airport
- Fifteen Gibraltarians Vote to Resist
- Sixteen First Visits by First Ladies
- Seventeen The Bossano Strategy
- Eighteen Spain's Role in Death on the Rock
- Nineteen A European Hong Kong?
- Twenty Tackling Money-Laundering and Smuggling
- Twenty-One Felipe Visits London
- Twenty-Two Four More Years for Joe Bossano
- Twenty-Three The External Frontier Issue Remains Unresolved
- Twenty-Four Conclusion
- Appendix 1 The Treaty of Utrecht (2–13 July 1713)
- Appendix 2 The Lisbon Agreement (10 April 1980)
- Appendix 3 The Brussels Declaration (27 November 1984)
- Appendix 4 The Government of Gibraltar
- (p.7) Two Gibraltar Incommunicado
- A Stone in Spain's Shoe
- Liverpool University Press
This chapter examines the fifteenth and longest siege of Gibraltar, which began on 8 June 1969 when Spain ordered the closure of the customs post and border gates between Spain and Gibraltar at La Línea. On 25 June the ferry service from Algeciras to Gibraltar was suspended, leaving the weekly BEA flight from London via Madrid as the only communication between Spain and the Rock. Both General Franco and his hard–line Foreign Minister Sr Castiella were very much mistaken if they thought that isolating Gibraltar would hurt its economy and lead to its inevitable transfer to Spain in order to survive. Not only did Gibraltar survive economically, largely through the support of successive British governments, but its isolation from 1969 to 1985 weakened its ties with Spain. The chapter addresses the question of what prompted Spain to take such a drastic step.
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