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Black Salt – Seafarers of African Descent on British Ships - Liverpool Scholarship Online
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Black Salt: Seafarers of African Descent on British Ships

Ray Costello


During the Age of Sail, black seamen could be found in many shipboard roles in the Royal Navy, such as gunners, deck-hands and ‘top men’, working at heights in the rigging. In the later Age of Steam, black seamen were more likely to be found on merchantmen below deck; as cooks, stewards and stokers. The navy was possibly a unique institution in that black and white could work alongside each other more than in any other occupation. This book examines the work and experience of seamen of African descent in Britain's navy, from impressed slaves to free Africans, British West Indians, and British- ... More

Keywords: gunners, deck-hands, cooks, stewards, stokers, impressed slaves, British West Indians, Caribbean, Tudor period, Slave Trade

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9781846318184
Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013 DOI:10.5949/UPO9781846317675


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ray Costello, author