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Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815$
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Erica Charters, Eve Rosenhaft, and Hannah Smith

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781846317118

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317699

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 28 May 2020

Grotius and the Civilian

Grotius and the Civilian

(p.36) 3 Grotius and the Civilian
Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815

Colm McKeogh

Liverpool University Press

Hugo Grotius (1583–1645) was a political theorist who helped lay the foundations for modern international law based on natural law. In the early modern period, he began to conduct research on violence and accountability that was continued by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, and, in his 1625 work De Jure Belli ac Pacis, proposes to limit war by accommodating it in law, morality, and Christianity. This chapter examines the ideal with respect to the treatment of civilians in war as articulated by Grotius in the early years of the Thirty Years War. It also considers the role of Christianity in Grotius's endeavour to limit the harm of war through the construction of a multifaceted pro-peace ideology. The chapter then shows how contemporary military conflicts influenced Grotius's arguments for restraint in warfare, and argues that he reconciled theory and Christianity with the realistic practice of warfare by adopting a pragmatic approach. It also provides an overview of the link between law and war, natural law, law of nations, and Christian and humanitarian law.

Keywords:   Hugo Grotius, Christianity, civilians, Thirty Years War, warfare, natural law, law of nations, De Jure Belli, humanitarian law, pro-peace ideology

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