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Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815$
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Erica Charters, Eve Rosenhaft, and Hannah Smith

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781846317118

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846317699

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The Administration of War and French Prisoners of War in Britain, 1756–1763

The Administration of War and French Prisoners of War in Britain, 1756–1763

(p.87) 6 The Administration of War and French Prisoners of War in Britain, 1756–1763
Civilians and War in Europe, 1618–1815

Erica Charters

Liverpool University Press

The concept of ‘total war’ addresses the extent of the mobilisation of state and society, and is thus associated with the administration of war. In his theory of military revolution, Geoffrey Parker argues that the early modern state developed as a direct result of the demands of warfare which led early modern states to devote most of their resources to war. The administration of war also sheds light on the nature of the relationship between civilians and the military. This chapter examines war administration in Europe during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries by looking at how Britain managed French prisoners of war during the Seven Years War (1756–1763). It shows that the British state had an efficient administrative structure, especially when compared with the breakdown of France's finances, in part because central authority negotiated with, and accommodated, local demands.

Keywords:   Britain, total war, France, civilians, military, Geoffrey Parker, Seven Years War, state, war administration, prisoners of war

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