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Plato and the CityA New Introduction to Plato's Political Thought$
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Jean-Francois Pradeau

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780859896535

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780859896535.001.0001

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The Political Psychology of the Republic

The Political Psychology of the Republic

(p.43) 2 The Political Psychology of the Republic
Plato and the City

Jean-François Pradeau

Liverpool University Press

This chapter explores the political philosophy conveyed in Plato's Republic. It argues that Plato's definition of justice for the individual can also be applied to the entire city itself, as the only difference between the human soul and the city is their quantitative aspect. The chapter furthers the comparison when Plato recounted the three kinds of citizens – the rulers, the soldiers, and the workers – and compared them to the three kinds of souls – reason, courage, and appetite – which led him to argue that philosophers must rule the city as the reason rules both courage and the appetite.

Keywords:   political philosophy, Plato, Republic, city, philosophers, soul, justice

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