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Nazism, War and GenocideNew Perspectives on the History of the Third Reich$
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Neil Gregor

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780859897457

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780859897457.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Political Detention and the Origin of the Concentration Camps in Nazi Germany, 1933–1935/6

Political Detention and the Origin of the Concentration Camps in Nazi Germany, 1933–1935/6

Chapter:
(p.22) 2 Political Detention and the Origin of the Concentration Camps in Nazi Germany, 1933–1935/6
Source:
Nazism, War and Genocide
Author(s):

Jane Caplan

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780859897457.003.0002

This chapter focuses on one feature of the Third Reich: the terror system. More specifically, it examines political detention and the origin of concentration camps in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1935–1936, arguing that, despite the improvisation and arbitrariness that characterised the early history of the terror apparatus, there were numerous continuities with the regimes of punishment and discipline developed in earlier periods of German history. The chapter explains how the powers of arbitrary arrest conferred upon the Gestapo drew upon long-standing traditions of police detention during states of emergency. It also contends that local officials and Nazi leaders invoked the traditional associations of ‘work’, ‘discipline’, and ‘order’ to legitimate the new penal regime, resulting in the successful naturalisation of the concentration camp system within the framework of the wider penal system and dramatically expanding and altering the boundaries of the terror apparatus.

Keywords:   terror apparatus, Third Reich, political detention, concentration camps, Nazi Germany, punishment, arbitrary arrest, Gestapo, police detention, states of emergency

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