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Nazism, War and GenocideNew Perspectives on the History of the Third Reich$
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Neil Gregor

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780859897457

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780859897457.001.0001

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Social Outsiders and the Consolidation of Hitler's Dictatorship, 1933–1939

Social Outsiders and the Consolidation of Hitler's Dictatorship, 1933–1939

(p.56) 4 Social Outsiders and the Consolidation of Hitler's Dictatorship, 1933–1939
Nazism, War and Genocide

Robert Gellately

Liverpool University Press

This chapter is about the so-called social outsiders in the Third Reich and the consolidation of Adolf Hitler's dictatorship between 1933 and 1939. More specifically, it examines the integrative power of the ‘people's community’ and traces its roots to the exclusion of persecuted minorities in Nazi Germany. It argues that the terror apparatus of the regime was not an arbitrary policy, but heavily focused on the persecution of the ‘enemies of the people’, or, in the racialised vocabulary of the Nazis, ‘community aliens’. These outsiders included habitual criminal offenders, gypsies, homosexuals, ‘asocials’, the sexually deviant, and the supposedly workshy, all of whom were objects of social prejudices, resentments, and hatreds harboured by broad sectors of the population. As a result, their persecution was not only accepted but also often welcomed by ordinary Germans. The chapter highlights the significance of these outsiders and their stigmatisation to the consolidation of the Third Reich after 1933.

Keywords:   social outsiders, Third Reich, Adolf Hitler, dictatorship, people's community, minorities, Nazi Germany, terror apparatus, persecution, stigmatisation

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