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The Black Legend of Prince Rupert's DogWitchcraft and Propaganda during the English Civil War$

Mark Stoyle

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780859898591

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780859898591.001.0001

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(p.214) Bibliography

(p.214) Bibliography

The Black Legend of Prince Rupert's Dog
Liverpool University Press

[Place of publication is London unless otherwise indicated.]

I Manuscripts

Bodleian Library, Oxford

Additional MS, C.132—Letters and State Papers, temp Charles I.

Ashmole MS, 184—‘Figures set upon Horary Questions by Mr William Lilly: 1’.

Ashmole MS, 178—‘Figures set upon Horary Questions by Mr William Lilly: 2’.

Firth MS, C.7—Transcripts of Prince Rupert's papers.

MS Top., Oxon, C.378—The Journal of Thomas Wyatt.

Tanner MS, 57 (2)—The Clerk of Parliament's Papers.

British Library, London

Additional MS, 21,935—Historical Notes by Nehemiah Wallington.

Additional MSS, 62,081–86—Prince Rupert's papers.

Harleian MS, 164—Sir Simonds D'Ewes's journal of the House of Commons.

Harleian MS, 2043—Papers relating to the Civil War at Lathom and Lichfield.

Harleian MS, 6804—Papers of the Royalist Council of War.

Lansdowne MS, 817—‘The History of Prince Rupert’.

Cornish Record Office, Truro

PC/34/5A—Sir William Pole's Book, 1644.

Devon Record Office, Exeter

Exeter Quarter Sessions Order Book, No 64 (1642–1660).

Tatton Park, Knutsford, Cheshire

MS 104—‘Great Marcys Continued, or Yet God is good to Israel’, by Nehemiah Wallington.

II Collections of contemporary printed material

Bodleian Library, Oxford

G. Pamph, 2132—Civil War pamphlets.

4 X 49 (37) JUR—Civil War pamphlets.

Wood 377, 416, 614—Anthony Wood's collection of printed ephemera.

(p.215) Manchester Central Library

Blackletter Ballads, Volume II, [torn] … with the manner of their taking ship [from] Dover, and of their departure, set forth in dialogue verse (London, 1646?).

III Reports of the Historical Manuscripts Commission

2nd Report, Appendix (1874), the Duke of Montrose's papers.

13th Report, Appendix 1 (1892), Portland MSS, Volume 1.

IV Printed primary sources

T. Ady, A Candle in the Dark: Or a Treatise Concerning the Nature of Witches & Witchcraft (circa 4 March 1656).

T. Ady, A Perfect Discovery of Witches (1661).

R. Andrewes, A Perfect Declaration of the Barbarous and Cruell Practises Committed by Prince Robert [and] the Cavalliers (circa 3 December 1642).

Anon., The Examination of John Walsh (1566).

Anon., The Examination and Confession of certaine Wytches at Chensforde (1566).

Anon., A Detection of Damnable Driftes, practised by three Witches arraigned at Chelmsforde (1579).

Anon., The Apprehension and Confession of three notorious Witches (1589).

Anon., Newes from Scotland, Declaring the Damnable life and death of Doctor Fian, a notable Sorcerer (1591).

Anon., The Second Report of Doctor John Faustus (1594).

Anon., A Brief Description of the Notorious Life of John Lambe, otherwise called Dr Lambe (‘Amsterdam’, 1628).

Anon., A Damnable Treason, By a Contagious Plaster of a Plague Sore (circa October 1641).

Anon., The Prophesie of Mother Shipton in the Raigne of King Henry the Eighth (December 1641).

Anon., Oneales Escape out of the Tower of London (5 May 1642).

Anon., A True Relation of Prince Robert His Forces (6 September 1642).

Anon., Nocturnall Occurrences: Or Deeds of Darknesse committed by the Cavalleers in their Rendezvous (16 September 1642).

Anon., Prince Roberts Message to My Lord of Essex (6 October 1642).

Anon., Eight Speeches Spoken in Guild-Hall (circa 27 October 1642)

Anon., A True and Perfect Relation of the Chiefe Passages in Middlesex (circa 16 November 1642).

Anon., Prince Robert His Plot Discovered (16 November 1642).

Anon., Prince Robert's Disguises; Or a Perfect True Relation of the Severall Shapes he has taken since the Lord Generall went forth first from London (16 November 1642).

Anon., The Wicked Resolution of the Cavaliers (22 November 1642).

Anon., The True Proceedings of Both Armies (24 November 1642).

Anon., A Most True Relation of the Present State of his Majesties Army (3 December 1642).

Anon., An Answer to a Scandalous, Lying Pamphlet entituled Prince Rupert his Declaration (7 December 1642).

(p.216) Anon., Two Speeches Delivered by the King … at Oxford. The first to … Prince Rupert (Oxford, 16 December 1642).

Anon., The Speech of a Cavaleere to his Comrades … Written by Agamemnon Shaglock Van Dammee, Clerk of the Regiment (1642).

Anon., Two Strange Prophesies … well worthy of Note (1642).

Anon., A True Relation of the late Attempt Made upon the Town of Ciceter (circa 19 January 1643).

Anon., Observations Upon His Majesties Answer to the City of London's Petition (20 January 1643).

Anon., An Item to His Majestie concerning Prince Rupert (circa 3 February 1643).

Anon., An Answer to Prince Rupert's Declaration (16 February 1643).

Anon., An Exact description of Prince Ruperts Malignant She-Monkey, a great Delinquent (circa 25 February, 1643).

Anon., The Parliaments Unspotted-Bitch: In Answer to Prince Roberts Dog called Boy And his Malignant She-Monkey (circa 8 March 1643).

Anon., The Sence of the House, or the Opinion of some Lords and Commons concerning the Londoners Petition for Peace (Oxford, circa 10 March 1643).

Anon., The Humerous Tricks and Conceits of Prince Roberts Malignant She-Monkey (circa 15 March 1643).

Anon., Prince Ruperts Burning Love to England, discovered in Birminghams Flames (3 April 1643).

Anon., The Welch Embassadour (13 April 1643).

Anon., A Most Certain, Strange and true Discovery of a Witch (circa 28 September 1643).

Anon., The New Interpreter (Oxford, 1643).

Anon., Intelligence from Oxford, wherein is discovered Prince Ruperts Policy in War (1643).

Anon., Rupert's Sumpter and Private Cabinet Rifled (circa 20 July 1644).

Anon., A Dog's Elegy, or Rupert's Tears (27 July 1644).

Anon., The Catholikes Petition to Prince Rupert (1 August 1644).

Anon., Nine Notable Prophesies Wonderfully Predicted and now partly come to passe (1644).

Anon., Signes and Wonders from Heaven (circa 5 August 1645).

Anon., A True Relation of the Arraignment of Eighteene Witches (circa 12 September 1645).

Anon., The Examination, Confession, Triall and Execution, of Joane Williford, Joan Cariden and Jane Hott (2 October 1645).

Anon., The Last Will and Testament of Prince Rupert (7 October 1645).

Anon., Ruperts Potion: Wholsomly Prescribed in a Discourse betweene him and Mounsier Grandipoco (circa 21 October 1645).

Anon., A Declaration of a strange and Wonderfull Monster, Born in Kirkham Parish in Lancashire (circa 3 March 1646).

Anon., Englands Wolfe with Eagles Clawes (circa 23 December 1646).

Anon., The Tryall and Examination of Mrs Joan Peterson (circa 9 April 1652).

Anon., A Relation of a Quaker That … Attempted to Bugger a Mare near Colchester (circa 20 May 1659).

Anon., Rump: Or an Exact Collection of the Choycest Poems and Songs relating to the Late Times (two volumes, 1662).

Anon., Historical Memoires of the Life and Death of that Wise and Valiant Prince Rupert, Prince Palatine of the Rhine (1683).

(p.217) ‘E.B.’, A Dialogue between the Devil and Prince Rupert (circa 23 June 1649).

‘J.B.’, Speciall Newes from the Army at Warwicke since the Fight (29 October 1642).

‘P.B.’, A Declaration against Prince Rupert (circa 19 January 1643).

‘T.B.’, Observations Upon Prince Rupert's White Dogge, Called Boye (1642). [Bod., Wood, 614 (58).]

‘T.B.’, Observations Upon Prince Rupert's White Dog, Called Boy (1642). [Bod., Wood, 377 (27).]

‘T. B.’, Observations Upon Prince Rupert's White Dog, Called Boy (circa 2 February 1643). [BL, E.245 (33).]

‘T.C.’, A More True and Exacter Relation of the Battaile of Keynton then any formerly (26 November 1642).

J. Berkenhead, The Four-Legg'd Elder, Or, a horrible Relation of a Dog and an Elders Maid (circa 1 September 1647).

J. Berkenhead, The Four-Legg'd Quaker, To the Tune of the Dog and Elders Maid (circa 1662–1668).

J. Booker, The Bloody Almanack (20 January 1643).

J. Booker, No Mercurius Aquaticus, But a Cable-Rope Double twisted for John Tayler, The Water Poet (19 July 1644).

S. Clarke, A Generall Martyrologie Containing a Collection of all the Greatest Persecutions which have befallen the Church of Christ from the Creation to our Present Times (1651).

J. Cleveland, The Character of A London-Diurnall: With Several Select Poems by the same Author (1647).

J. Cleveland, Poems by J.C., with Additions, never before Printed (1653, Menston, 1971 edition).

J. Cotta, The Infallible, True and Assured Witch (1624).

‘R.D.’, Canidia, or the Witches: A Rhapsody in Five Parts (1683).

T. Dekker, The Belman of London, Bringing to Light the Most Notorious Villaines that are now practised in the Kingdome (1616).

T. Dekker, Villanies Discovered by Lanthorne and Candle-light (1618).

T. Dekker et al, The Witch of Edmonton (1658).

G. Eglisham, The Fore-Runner of Revenge … Wherein is expressed divers Actions of the late Earle of Buckingham (circa 30 September 1642).

‘H.F.’, A True and Exact Relation of the severall Informations, Examinations, and Confessions of the late Witches, arraigned … in the County of Essex (circa 19 August 1645).

N. Fiennes, A Most True and Exact Relation of Both the Battels (9 November 1642).

A. Fleming, A Straunge and Terrible Wunder wrought very late in the Parish Church of Bongay (1577).

R. Filmer, An Advertisement to the Jury-Men of England Touching Witches (circa 28 March 1653).

P.F. Gent, The Historie of the Damnable Life, and Deserved Death of Doctor John Faustus (1592).

G. Giffard, A Dialogue Concerning Witches and Witchcrafts (1603).

H. Goodcole, The Wonderfull Discoverie of Elizabeth Sawyer, A Witch, late of Edmonton (1621).

J. Goodwin, Anti-Cavalierisme or Truth Pleading (circa 21 October 1642).

T. Heywood, The Late Lancashire Witches (1634).

(p.218) T. Heywood, Hierarchie of the Blessed Angels: Their Names, Orders and Offices (circa 1635).

M. Hopkins, The Discovery of Witches (1647).

F. Hutchinson, An Historical Essay Concerning Witchcraft (1718).

E. Kightley, A Full and True Relation of the great Battle (4 November 1642).

T. Lodge, The Famous, True and Historicall Life of Robert, Second Duke of Normandy, surnamed for his monstrous birth and behaviour, Robin the Divell (1591).

G. Markham, Hunger's Prevention: Or the Whole Art of Fowling by Water and Land (1621).

T. May, The History of the Parliament of England (1812 edition).

‘Shinkin ap Morgan’, The Welch Doctor (16 February 1643).

J. Lacey, The Old Troop, Or Monsieur Raggou (1672).

Prince Rupert, Prince Rupert His Declaration (Oxford, circa 2 December 1642).

Prince Rupert, Prince Rupert His Reply to a Pamphlet Entituled The Parliaments Vindication (Oxford, 1643).

J. Rushworth, Historical Collections (eight volumes, 1721–22).

R. Scot, The Discoverie of Witchcraft (1584).

J. Stearne, A Confirmation and Discovery of Witchcraft (1648).

J. Stuart, Daemonologie: In Form of a Dialogue Divided into three Bookes (Edinburgh, 1597).

J. Taylor, An Englishmans Love to Bohemia (Dort, 1620).

J. Taylor, A Dogg of Warre, or the Travels of Drunkard (circa 1628).

J. Taylor, All the Workes of John Taylor, the Water Poet (three volumes, 1630).

J. Taylor, A Swarme of Sectaries (circa June 1641).

J. Taylor, A Reply as True as Steele (circa June 1641).

J. Taylor, A Seasonable Lecture, Or a Most Learned Oration (April 1642).

J. Taylor, The Whole Life and Progresse of Henry Walker (July 1642).

J. Taylor [attrib.], A Dialogue, Or, Rather a Parley betweene Prince Ruperts Dogge whose name is Puddle and Tobies Dog whose name is Pepper (circa 23 February 1643).

J. Taylor, A Preter-Pluperfect, Spick and Span New Nocturnall, or Mercuries Weekly Night-Newes (Oxford, 11 August 1643).

J. Taylor, Mad Verse, Sad Verse, Glad Verse and Bad Verse (Oxford, 10 May 1644).

J. Vicars, Gods Arke Over-topping the Worlds Waves (1645).

‘I.W.’, The Bloody Prince, or A Declaration of the Most Cruell Practices of Prince Rupert (circa 22 April 1643).

‘S.W.’, The Parliaments Vindication in Answer to Prince Ruperts Declaration (circa 6 December 1642).

‘W.W.’, A True and Just Recorde, of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches taken at St Oses (1582).

H. Walker, An Answer to a Foolish Pamphlet entitled A Swarme of Sectaries (circa June, 1641).

H. Walker, Taylors Phyisicke has purged the Divel, or the Divell has got a Squirt (1641).

J. Webster, The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft (1677).

‘G. Naworth’ (G. Wharton), Mercurio-Coelico Mastix, or an Anti-Caveat (4 March 1644).

P. Wharton, The Two Speeches of the Lord Wharton Spoken in Guildhall (circa 18 November 1642).

(p.219) V Contemporary newsbooks

The British Mercurie, or the Welch Diurnall.

Certaine Informations.

A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages.

A Continuation of True Intelligence.

A Diary, or an Exact Journal.

Diutinus Britanicus.

Englands Memorable Accidents.

The Kingdoms Weekly Intelligencer.

Mercurius Aulicus.

Mercurius Britanicus.

Mercurius Civicus.

The Parliaments Post.

A Perfect Diurnall of the Passages in Parliament.

The Scottish Dove.

Speciall Passages.

Speciall Passages and Certain Informations.

The Welch Mercury.

VI Editions of documents

Anon. (ed.), Catalogue of the Pamphlets … Collected by George Thomason, 1640–61 (two volumes, 1908).

Anon. (ed.), Robert le Diable, Roman D'Aventures (Societe des Anciens Textes Francais, Paris, 1903).

Anon. (ed.), Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson, written by his Widow, Lucy (1913).

L.M. Baker (ed.), The Letters of Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia (1953).

L.H. Barber (ed.), An Edition of the Late Lancashire Witches by Thomas Heywood and Richard Brome (1979).

R. Barber (ed.), The Worlds of John Aubrey (1988).

J.M. Berdan (ed.), The Poems of John Cleveland (1911).

D. Booy (ed.), The Notebooks of Nehemiah Wallington, 1618–1654: A Selection (Aldershot, 2007).

W. Bray (ed.), Memoirs Illustrative of the Life and Writings of John Evelyn (two volumes, 1818).

J. Britten (ed.), Remaines of Gentilisme and Judaisme, by John Aubrey (1881).

E. Burns (ed.), King Henry VI, Part 1 (2000).

A. Clark (ed.), The Life and Times of Anthony Wood, antiquary of Oxford, 1632–1695: Volume 1 (Oxford, 1891).

Commons Journals, 2 (April 1640 to March 1643).

W.A. Day (ed.), The Pythouse Papers: Correspondence Concerning the Civil War, the Popish Plot and a Contested Election in 1680 (1879).

O.L. Dick (ed.), Aubrey's Brief Lives (1987).

C.H. Firth (ed.), The Memoirs of Edmund Ludlow (two volumes, Oxford, 1894).

T. Fitzpatrick (ed.), The Bloody Bridge and Other Papers Relating to the Insurrection of 1641 (Dublin, 1903).

H. Forester (ed.), Memoirs of Sophia, Electress of Hanover, 1630–1680 (1888).

S.R. Gardiner (ed.), ‘Letters relating to the Mission of Sir Thomas Roe to (p.220) Gustavus Adolphus, 1629–30’, in Camden Miscellany, Volume 7 (Camden Society, Second Series, 14, 1875).

M. Gaskill (ed.), English Witchcraft, 1560–1736: Volume III, The Matthew Hopkins Trials (2003).

M.A.E. Green (ed.), The Diary of John Rous (Camden Society, Old Series, 66, 1856).

W.D. Hamilton (ed.), Calendars of State Papers, Domestic Series, 1634–35, 1639, 1639–40, 1641–43, 1649–50.

G.B. Harrison (ed.), King James the First Daemonologie (1924).

G.B. Harrison (ed.), The Trial of the Lancaster Witches, AD MDCXII (1929).

E. Hawkins (ed.), Travels in Holland, the United Provinces, England, Scotland and Ireland … [1634–35] by Sir William Brereton, Chetham Society, Volume I (1844).

A.B. Hinds (ed.), Calendar of State Papers, Venetian: Volume 26, 1642–43 (1925).

A. Hughes, Seventeenth Century England: A Changing Culture. Volume I: Primary Sources (1980).

A.F. Kinney (ed.), The Witch of Edmonton (1998).

H. Jackson (ed.), Robert Burton: The Anatomy of Melancholy (1977).

T.T. Lewis (ed.), Letters of the Lady Brilliana Harley (Camden Society, First Series, 58, 1854).

W.D. Macray (ed.), The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England … by Edward, Earl of Clarendon (six volumes, Oxford, 1888).

B. Morris and E. Withington (eds), The Poems of John Cleveland (Oxford, 1967).

J. Morris (ed.), The Southcote Family: Memoirs of Sir Edward Southcote, Knight (Roehampton, no date of publication).

J. Morris (ed.), The Troubles of our Catholic Forefathers, Related by Themselves, First Series, Volume I (1872).

V.E. Newberg (ed.), All the Works of John Taylor, The Water Poet (1973).

E.S. Onant (ed.), The Witch of Edmonton: A Critical Edition (1980).

T. Park (ed.), Nugae Antiquae, Being a Miscellaneous Collection of Original Papers … by Sir John Harrington, Knight: Volume I (1804).

S. Peachey (ed.), The Edgehill Campaign and the Letters of Nehemiah Wharton (Leigh-on-Sea, 1989).

S. Reid (ed.), Officers and Regiments of the Royalist Army (Leigh-on-Sea, n.d.).

P. Riley (ed.), William Beamont: A History of Winwick (Runcorn, 1995).

B. Rosen (ed.), Witchcraft in England, 1558–1618 (Massachusetts, 1991).

I. Roy (ed.), Richard Symonds's Diary of the Marches of the Royal Army (Cambridge, 1997).

E. Schaffer (ed.), The Witch: Thomas Middleton (1994).

J. Sharpe (ed.), English Witchcraft, 1560–1736: Volume VI, The Final Debate (2003).

F.C. Springell (ed.), Connoisseur and Diplomat: The Earl of Arundel's Embassy to Germany in 1636 (1963).

Statutes of the Realm (eleven volumes, 1810–21).

J.B. Steane (ed.), Christopher Marlowe: The Complete Plays (Harmondsworth, 1985).

F.G. Stephens (ed.), Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires Preserved in … the British Museum, Volume I, 1320–1689 (1879).

(p.221) D. Underdown (ed.), William Whiteway of Dorchester: His Diary, 1618 to 1635 (Dorset Record Society, 12, 1990).

F.P. Verney (ed.), Memoirs of the Verney Family during the Civil War (two volumes, 1892).

A.R. Waller (ed.), The Workes of Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher (ten volumes, Cambridge, 1906).

E. Warburton (ed.), Memoirs of Prince Rupert and the Cavaliers (three volumes, 1849).

VII Secondary works

For ease of reference, these have been divided up under seven separate headings: (1) works about Prince Rupert, his family and friends; (2) general works about the civil war; (3) works about civil war propaganda and polemic; (4) works about witchcraft and magic; (5) works about literature and culture; (6) works about John Taylor and John Cleveland; and (7) other secondary works cited in the text.

1. Works about Prince Rupert, his family and friends

R.G. Asch, ‘Princess Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia’, in New DNB.

M. Ashley, Rupert of the Rhine (1976).

C. Bingham, James I of England (1981).

M.C. Bushe, Rupert of the Rhine (1869).

J.I. Casway, ‘Daniel O Neill’, in New DNB.

J. Cleugh, Prince Rupert: A Biography of Rupert, Prince, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1934).

S. Erskine, A Royal Cavalier: The Romance of Rupert, Prince Palatine (1910).

B. Fergusson, Rupert of the Rhine (1952).

C.H. Firth, ‘Prince Rupert’, in DNB (1897).

C.H. Firth (ed.), ‘The Journal of Prince Rupert's Marches, 5 September 1642 to 4 July 1646’, EHR, volume 13, no.52 (October, 1898), pp. 729–41.

E. Godfrey, A Sister of Prince Rupert: Elizabeth, Princess Palatine and Abbess of Herford (1909).

R. Gower, Rupert of the Rhine: A Biographical Sketch of the Life of Prince Rupert (1890).

P. Gregg, King Charles I (1981).

M.F.S. Hervey, The Life, Correspondence and Collections of Thomas Hervey, Earl of Arundel (Cambridge, 1921, reprinted New York, 1969).

M. Irwin, The Stranger Prince: The Story of Rupert of the Rhine (1937).

F. Kitson, Prince Rupert: Portrait of a Soldier (1994).

P. Morrah, Prince Rupert of the Rhine (1976).

C. Oman, Elizabeth of Bohemia (1938).

W.B. Patterson, King James VI and I and the Re-Union of Christendom (Cambridge, 1997).

A. Plowden, Henrietta Maria: Charles I's Indomitable Queen (Stroud, 2001).

I. Roy, ‘Prince Rupert’, in New DNB.

I. Roy, ‘William Legge’, in New DNB.

E. Scott, Rupert, Prince Palatine (Westminster, 1899).

R.M. Smuts, ‘William Craven’, in New DNB.

R.M. Smuts, ‘Thomas Howard, Fourteenth Earl of Arundel’, in New DNB.

C. Spencer, Prince Rupert: The Last Cavalier (2007).

(p.222) G.M. Thomson, Warrior Prince: Prince Rupert of the Rhine (1976).

C. Wilkinson, Prince Rupert the Cavalier (1934).

2. General works about the English Civil War

Anon., The Battles of Newbury (Newbury, 1844).

J. Adamson, The English Civil War: Conflict and Contexts, 1640–49 (Houndmills, 2009).

M. Ashley, The English Civil War (1974).

R. Ashton, The English Civil War: Conservatism and Revolution, 1603–49 1978).

M. Atkin, Gloucester and the Civil War: A City under Siege (Stroud, 1992).

J. Barratt, The First Battle of Newbury (Stroud, 2005).

A.R. Bayley, The Great Civil War in Dorset, 1642–60 (Taunton, 1910).

T. Bracher, Shropshire in the Civil War (Shrewsbury, 2000).

M. Braddick, God's Fury, England's Fire: A New History of the English Civil Wars (2008).

M. Bence-Jones, The Cavaliers (1976).

E. Broxap, The Great Civil War in Lancashire, 1642–51 (1910, Manchester, 1973 edition).

N. Carlin, The Causes of the English Civil War (Oxford, 1999).

C. Carlton, Going to the Wars: The Experience of the British Civil Wars, 1638–1651 (1992).

R.W. Cotton, Barnstaple and the Northern Parts of Devonshire during the Great Civil War, 1642–46 (1889).

A.H. Dodd, ‘Wales in the Parliaments of Charles I: II, 1640–42’, in THSC (1946), pp. 59–96.

A.H. Dodd, ‘Caernarvonshire in the Civil War’, Caernarvonshire Historical Society Transactions, 14 (1953), pp. 1–34.

T. Downing and M. Millman, Civil War (1991).

A. Fletcher, The Outbreak of the English Civil War (1981).

S.R. Gardiner, History of the Great Civil War, 1642–49 (four volumes, 1901).

P. Gaunt, The English Civil Wars, 1642–51 (Oxford, 2003).

J. de Groot, Royalist Identities (Basingstoke, 2004).

D.R. Guttery, The Great Civil War in Midland Parishes: The People Pay (Birmingham, 1950).

C. Hibbert, Cavaliers and Roundheads: The English at War, 1642–49 (1993).

A. Hughes, Politics, Society and Civil War in Warwickshire, 1620–60 (Cambridge, 1987).

T. Hunt, The English Civil War: At First Hand (2002).

R. Hutton, The Royalist War Effort, 1642–46 (1982).

A. Laurence, Parliamentary Army Chaplains, 1642–51 (Woodbridge, 1990).

K. Lindley, Popular Politics and Religion in Civil War London (Aldershot,1997).

C.E. Lucas-Phillips, Cromwell's Captains (1938).

B. Manning, The English People and the English Revolution (1991 edition).

J. Miller, A Brief History of the English Civil Wars: Roundheads, Cavaliers and the Execution of the King (2009).

A. Milton, ‘Anglicanism and Royalism in the 1640s’, in Adamson, (ed.), The English Civil War, pp. 61–81.

W. Money, The First and Second Battles of Newbury (1881).

(p.223) J. Morrill (ed.), The Impact of the English Civil War (1991).

P.R. Newman, Companion to the English Civil Wars (Oxford, 1990).

P.R. Newman, Royalist Officers in England and Wales, 1642–60: A Biographical Dictionary (1981).

R. Ollard, This War Without an Enemy: A History of the English Civil Wars (1976).

S. Porter, Destruction in the English Civil Wars (Stroud, 1994).

D. Purkiss, The English Civil War: A People's History (2006).

T. Royle, Civil War: The Wars of the Three Kingdoms, 1638–1660 (2004).

M. St John Parker, The Civil War, 1642–51 (Andover, 1993).

D. Scott, ‘Re-thinking Royalist Politics, 1642–49’, in Adamson (ed.), The English Civil War, pp. 36–60.

R. Sherwood, The Civil War in the Midlands, 1642–51 (Stroud, 1992).

M. Stoyle, Soldiers and Strangers: An Ethnic History of the English Civil War (2005).

P. Tennant, The Civil War in Stratford-Upon-Avon: Conflict and Community in South Warwickshire, 1642–1646 (Stroud, 1996).

M. Wanklyn, Decisive Battles of the English Civil War (Barnsley, 2006).

C.V. Wedgwood, The King's War, 1641–47 (1958, London 1983 edition).

C.V. Wedgwood, The Trial of Charles I (1964).

A.R. Warmington, Civil War, Interregnum and Restoration in Gloucestershire (Woodbridge, 1999).

P. Wenham, The Great and Close Siege of York, 1644 (1970, York, 1994 edition).

J. Whitehead, Cavalier and Roundhead Spies: Intelligence in the Civil War and Commonwealth (Barnsley, 2009).

J.W. Willis-Bund, The Civil War in Worcestershire (Birmingham, 1905).

A. Woolrych, Battles of the English Civil War (1961).

B. Worden, The English Civil Wars, 1640–1660 (2009).

P. Young, Edgehill 1642: The Campaign and the Battle (Kineton, 1967).

P. Young, Marston Moor 1644: The Campaign and the Battle (1970, Moreton-in-Marsh, 1997 edition).

P. Young (ed.), Leaders of the Civil Wars, 1642–48 (Kineton, 1977).

3. Civil War polemic and propaganda

E. Besly, Coins and Medals of the English Civil War (Guildford, 1990).

L. Bowen, ‘Representations of Wales and the Welsh during the Civil Wars and Interregnum’, HR, 77, 197 (August, 2004), pp. 358–76.

B. Capp, ‘John Booker’, in New DNB.

J. Cobley, ‘The Construction and Use of Gender in the Pamphlet Literature of the English Civil War’ (unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Southampton, 2010).

J. Frank, The Beginnings of the English Newspaper, 1620–1660 (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1961).

J.L. Malcolm, Caesar's Due: Loyalty and King Charles I, 1642–46 (1983).

J. McElligott, Royalism, Print and Censorship in Revolutionary England (Woodbridge, 2007).

A. McShane-Jones, ‘Rime and Reason: The Political World of the English Broadside Ballad, 1640–1689’ (unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Warwick, 2004).

(p.224) J. Peacey, Politicians and Pamphleteers: Propaganda during the English Civil Wars and Interregnum (Aldershot, 2004).

H. Pierce, ‘Anti-Episcopacy and Graphic Satire in England, 1640–1645’, HJ, 47, 4 (2004), pp. 809–48.

H. Pierce, Unseemly Pictures: Graphic Satire and Politics in Early Modern England (New Haven, 2009).

L. Potter, Secret Rites and Secret Writing: Royalist Literature, 1641–1660 (Cambridge, 1989).

J. Raymond, The Invention of the Newspaper: English Newsbooks, 1641–49 (Oxford, 1996).

J. Raymond, Pamphlets and Pamphleteering in early modern Britain (Cambridge, 2003).

H.E. Rollins, ‘Martin Parker, Ballad-Monger’, MP, volume 16, no. 9 (January 1919), pp. 449–74.

H. Rusche, ‘Prophecies and Propaganda, 1641–1651’, EHR, volume 84, no. 333 (October 1969), pp. 752–70.

M. Stoyle, ‘Caricaturing Cymru: Images of the Welsh in the London Press, 1642–46’, in D. Dunn (ed.), War and Society in Medieval and Early Modern Britain (Liverpool, 2000), pp. 162–79.

M. Stoyle, ‘The Road to Farndon Field: Explaining the Massacre of the Royalist Women at Naseby’, EHR, volume 123, no. 503 (August 2008), pp. 895–923.

P.W. Thomas, Sir John Berkenhead, 1617–1679: A Royalist Career in Politics and Polemics (Oxford, 1969).

D. Underdown, A Freeborn People: Politics and the Nation in Seventeenth Century England (Oxford, 1996).

R. Wilcher, The Writing of Royalism, 1628–1660 (Cambridge, 2001).

T. Williams, ‘Polemical Prints of the English Revolution’ (unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Courtauld Institute, University of London, 1987).

T. Williams, ‘Magnetic Figures: Polemical Prints of the English Revolution’, in L. Gent and N. Llewellyn (eds), Renaissance Bodies: The Human Figure in English Culture, 1540–1660 (1990), pp. 86–110.

4. Witchcraft and magic

S. Anglo (ed.), The Damned Art: Essays on the Literature of Witchcraft (1977).

S. Anglo, ‘Reginald Scot's Discoverie of Witchcraft: Scepticism and Sadduceism’, in Anglo (ed.), The Damned Art, pp. 106–39.

J. Barry et al (eds), Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe: Studies in Culture and Belief (Cambridge, 1996).

A. Bellany, ‘The Murder of John Lambe: Crowd Violence, Court Scandal and Popular Politics in Early Seventeenth Century England’, P&P, no. 200 (August 2008), pp. 37–76.

K.M. Briggs, Pale Hecate's Team: An Examination of the Beliefs on Witchcraft and Magic among Shakespeare's Contemporaries and his Immediate Successors (1962).

S. Clark, ‘King James's Daemonologie: Witchcraft and Kingship’, in Anglo (ed.), The Damned Art, pp. 156–81.

C. Durston, ‘Signs and Wonders and the English Civil War’, HT (October, 1987), pp. 22–8.

P. Elmer, ‘Saints or Sorcerers: Quakerism, Demonology and the Decline of (p.225) Witchcraft in Seventeenth Century England’, in J. Barry, M. Hester and G. Roberts (eds), Witchcraft in early Modern Europe: Studies in Culture and Belief (Cambridge, 1998 edition), pp. 145–79.

P. Elmer, ‘Towards a Politics of Witchcraft in Early Modern England’, in S. Clark (ed.), Languages of Witchcraft: Narrative, Ideology and Memory in Early Modern England (2001), pp. 101–18.

C. L'Estrange Ewen, Witch Hunting and Witch Trials: The Indictments for Witchcraft from the Records of 1373 Assizes held for the Home Circuit, 1559–1736 (1929).

C. L'Estrange Ewen, Witchcraft and Demonianism: A Concise Account derived from Sworn Depositions and Confessions Obtained in the Courts of England and Wales (1933).

A. Findlay, ‘Sexual and Spiritual Politics in the events of 1633–34 and The Late Lancashire Witches’, in R. Poole (ed.), The Lancashire Witches (Manchester, 2002), pp. 146–65.

M. Gaskill, ‘Witchcraft in Early Modern Kent: Stereotypes and the Background to Accusations’, in J. Barry et al (eds), Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe: Studies in Culture and Belief (Cambridge, 1996), pp. 257–87.

M. Gaskill, Witchfinders: A Seventeenth Century English Tragedy (2005).

M. Gaskill, ‘Witchcraft, Politics and Memory in Seventeenth Century England’, HJ, 50, 2 (2007), pp. 289–308.

M. Gaskill, ‘Witchcraft and Evidence in Early Modern England’, P&P, no. 198 (February, 2008), pp. 33–67.

M. Gaskill, ‘Masculinity and Witchcraft in Early Modern England’, in A. Rowlands (ed)., Witchcraft and Masculinities in Early Modern Europe (Basingstoke, 2009), pp. 171–90.

C. Gere, ‘William Harvey's Weak Experiment: The Archaeology of an Anecdote’, HWJ, 51 (spring, 2001), pp. 19–31.

L.M. Goldstein, ‘The Life and Death of John Lambe’, Guildhall Studies in London History, 4 (1979), pp. 19–32.

A. Gregory, ‘Witchcraft, Politics and Good Neighbourhood in Early Seventeenth Century Rye’, P&P, no. 133 (November 1991), pp. 31–66.

W.H. Harrison, Mother Shipton Investigated (1881).

C. Hole, A Mirror of Witchcraft (1957).

C. Hole, Witchcraft in Britain (1977; 1986 edition).

C. Holmes, ‘Popular Culture? Witches, Magistrates and Divines in Early Modern England’, in S.L. Kaplan (ed.), Understanding Popular Culture (Berlin, 1984), pp. 85–111.

N. Johnstone, The Devil and Demonism in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 2006).

L. Kassell, Medicine and Magic in Elizabethan London (Oxford, 2007).

A. Kellet, ‘Mother Shipton’, in New DNB.

G.L. Kittredge, Witchcraft in Old and New England (Cambridge, MA, 1929).

B.P. Levack, The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe (Harlow, 1988).

J. Lumby, ‘Those to Whom Evil is Done: Family Dynamic in the Pendle Witch Trials’, in Poole (ed.), The Lancashire Witches, pp. 58–72.

A. Macfarlane, Witchcraft in Tudor and Stuart England: A Regional and Comparative Study (1970).

A. Macfarlane, ‘A Tudor Anthropologist: George Gifford's Discourse and Dialogue’, in Anglo (ed.), The Damned Art, pp. 140–55.

(p.226) H.C.E. Middlefort, Witch-Hunting in Southwestern Germany, 1562–1684 (Stanford, California, 1972).

W. Notestein, A History of Witchcraft in England from 1558 to 1718 (Washington DC, 1911).

D. Oldridge, The Devil in Early Modern England (Stroud, 2000).

I. Opie and M. Tatem (eds), A Dictionary of Superstitions (Oxford, 1989).

R. Poole (ed.), The Lancashire Witches: Histories and Stories (Manchester, 2002).

D. Purkiss, The Witch in History: Early Modern and Twentieth Century Representations (1996).

D. Purkiss, ‘Desire and its Deformities: Fantasies of Witchcraft in the English Civil War’, JMEMS, volume 27, no. 1 (Winter 1997), pp. 103–32.

L. Roper, Witch-Craze: Terror and Fantasy in Baroque Germany (2004).

E. Rose, A Razor for a Goat: A Discussion of Certain Problems in the History of Witchcraft and Diabolism (Toronto, 1989 edition).

A. Rowlands, ‘“Superstition”, Magic and Clerical Polemic in Seventeenth-Century Germany’, P&P, Supplement 3 (2008), pp. 157–77.

G. Scarre, Witchcraft and Magic in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Europe (1987).

J. Sharpe, ‘The Devil in East Anglia: The Matthew Hopkins Trials reconsidered’, in Barry et al (eds), Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe, pp. 237–54.

J. Sharpe, Instruments of Darkness: Witchcraft in England, 1550–1750 (1997).

J. Sharpe, ‘The Witch's Familiar in Elizabethan England’, in G.W. Bernard and S.J. Gunn (eds), Authority and Consent in Tudor England (Aldershot, 2002), pp. 219–32.

J. Sharpe, ‘The Lancashire Witches in Historical Context’, in Poole (ed.), The Lancashire Witches, pp. 1–21.

J. Sharpe, Witchcraft in Early Modern England (2001).

M. Summers, The History of Witchcraft and Demonology (1926, London 1965 edition).

J.L. Teall, ‘Witchcraft and Calvinism in Elizabethan England’, in JHI, 23 (1962), pp. 21–36.

K. Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century England (1971, London 1991 edition).

R. Trevor-Davies, Four Centuries of Witch Beliefs: With Special Reference to the Great Rebellion (1947).

H.R. Trevor-Roper, The European Witch Craze of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (1969).

F. Valletta, Witchcraft, Magic and Superstition in England, 1640–1670 (Aldershot, 2000).

R. Wilson, ‘The Pilot's Thumb: Macbeth and the Jesuits’, in Poole (ed.), The Lancashire Witches, pp. 126–45.

5. Literature and culture

A. Bellany, ‘Raylinge Rymes and Vaunting Verse: Libellous Politics in Early Stuart England, 1603–1628’, in K. Sharpe and P. Lake (eds), Culture and Politics in Early Stuart England (1994), pp. 285–310.

A. Bellany, ‘Libels in Action: Ritual Subversion and the English Literary Underground, 1603–1642’, in T. Harris (ed.) The Politics of the Excluded, circa 1500–1850 (Basingstoke, 2001), pp. 99–124.

(p.227) H. Berry, ‘The Globe Bewitched and El Hombre Fiel’: Medieval and Renaissance Drama in England, I (1784), pp. 211–23.

B. Capp, ‘Popular Literature’, in B. Reay (ed.), Popular Culture in Seventeenth Century England (1988 edition), pp. 198–243.

B. Capp, ‘Popular Culture and the English Civil War’, History of European Ideas, 10, no. 1 (1989), pp. 31–41.

P. Croft, ‘The Reputation of Robert Cecil: Libels, Political Opinions and Popular Awareness in the early seventeenth century’, TRHS, 6th series, 1 (1991), pp. 43–70.

R. Cust, ‘News and Politics in early seventeenth-century England’, P&P, 112 (August 1986), pp. 60–90.

R. Darnton, The Great Cat Massacre: And Other Episodes in French Cultural History (New York, 1985).

L. Gowing, ‘Gender and the Language of Insult in early modern London’, HWJ, 35 (spring 1993), pp. 1–21.

O. Hill, English Country Houses: Caroline, 1625–85 (1966).

S. Jeffries, Mrs Slocombe's Pussy: Growing up in Front of the Telly (2000).

M. Katsoulis, Telling Tales: A History of Literary Hoaxes (2009).

F.J. Levy, ‘How Information spread among the Gentry, 1550–1640’, JBS, volume 21, no. 2 (spring, 1982), pp. 11–34.

G. Massey, ‘The Poodle in early Art and Literature’, in Price (ed.), The Miniature Poodle Handbook, pp. 11–21.

A. McRae, ‘The Literary Culture of Early Stuart Libelling’, MP, volume 97, no. 3 (February 2000), pp. 364–92.

C. Nicholl, The Lodger: Shakespeare on Silver Street (2008).

D. Purkiss, Literature, Gender and Politics during the English Civil War (Cambridge, 2005).

B. Reay (ed.), Popular Culture in Seventeenth-Century England (1985, London, 1988 edition).

D. Rollison, The Local Origins of Modern Society: Gloucestershire, 1500–1800 (1992).

P.S. Seaver, Wallington's World: A Puritan Artisan in Seventeenth Century London (Stanford, CA, 1985).

K. Sharpe and P. Lake (eds), Culture and Politics in Early Stuart England (1994).

K. Thomas, Man and the Natural World: Changing Attitudes in England, 1500–1800 (1983).

P.W. Thomas, ‘The Impact on Literature’, in J. Morrill (ed.), The Impact of the English Civil War (London, 1991), pp. 123–42.

A. Walsham, ‘Vox Piscis, Or the Book Fish: Providence and the Uses of the Reformation past in Caroline Cambridge’, EHR, volume 114, no. 457 (June, 1999), pp. 574–606.

6. John Taylor and John Cleveland

H.F. Brooks, ‘English Verse Satire, 1640–1660: Prolegomena’, SC, volume 3, no. 1 (Spring, 1988), pp. 17–46.

B. Capp, ‘John Taylor’, in New DNB.

B. Capp, The World of John Taylor, the Water Poet: 1578–1653 (Oxford, 1994).

A.D. Cousins, ‘The Cavalier World and John Cleveland’, Studies in Philology, 78, 1 (1981), pp. 61–86.

A.D. Cousins, ‘John Cleveland’, in New DNB.

(p.228) S.V. Gapp, ‘Notes on John Cleveland’, PMLA, 46, no. 4 (December, 1931), pp. 1075–86.

L.A. Jacobus, John Cleveland (Boston, 1975).

G. Saintsbury, Minor Poets of the Caroline Period, Volume III (Oxford, 1921).

C.V. Wedgwood, Poetry and Politics under the Stuarts (Ann Arbor, 1964).

C. Wikeley, ‘John Taylor the Water Poet: Authorship and Print, 1612–1631’, (unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Southampton, 2010).

7. Other secondary works cited in the text

J.E. Bailey, ‘The Life of a Lancashire Rector during the Civil War’, reprinted from The Leigh Chronicle Scrapbook (Leigh, 1877).

W. Beamont, Winwick: Its History and Antiquities (second edition, Warrington, 1882).

G.W. Bernard and S.J. Gunn (eds), Authority and Consent in Tudor England (Aldershot, 2002).

I. Binner, The Devil Prince (1979).

E. A. Carlyle, ‘Lord Bernard Stuart’, in New DNB.

E.S. Cope, Handmaid of the Holy Spirit: Dame Eleanor Davies, Never Soe Mad a Ladie (Ann Arbor, 1992).

I.H. Evans (ed.), Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (1991).

K. Feiling, A History of the Tory Party, 1640–1714 (Oxford, 1924).

A. Fraser, The Weaker Vessel: Woman's Lot in Seventeenth Century England (1984).

S.R. Gardiner, History of England from the Accession of James I to the Outbreak of the English Civil War (ten volumes, New York, 1965 edition).

C. Holmes, Why Was Charles I Executed? (2006).

H.J. Hopkins, ‘Thomas Larkham's Tavistock: Change and Continuity in an English Town, 1600–1670’ (unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Texas, 1981).

J. Hunter, Rupert the Devil (1976).

R. Hutton, Debates in Stuart History (Basingstoke, 2004).

R. Hutton, ‘George Digby’, in New DNB.

S. Johnson, A Dictionary of the English Language (two volumes, 1755).

P. Lenihan, ‘Theobald Taaffe’, in New DNB.

G. Lloyd-James, ‘Hugh Broughton’, in New DNB.

A. Marshall, ‘Joseph Bampfield’, in New DNB.

A. McConnell, ‘John Lambe’, in New DNB.

B. Morgan, ‘Sir Thomas Lunsford’, in New DNB.

M. Mullett, ‘Thomas Case, in New DNB.

H. R. Plomer, A Dictionary of the Booksellers and Printers who were at work in England, Scotland and Ireland from 1641 to 1667 (1907, reprinted Oxford, 1968)

P. H. Price (ed.), The Miniature Poodle Handbook (1960).

S. Schama, A History of Britain: The British Wars, 1603–1776 (2001).

A. Strickland, Lives of the Queens of Scotland, Volume 8 (1859).

R. Thompson, ‘Edward Lowe’, in New DNB.

D. Tylden-Wright, John Aubrey: A Life (1991).

D. Watt, ‘Lady Eleanor Davies’, in New DNB.

E. Waugh, Brideshead Revisited (1945).