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The Exploited SeasNew Directions for Marine Environmental History$
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Poul Holm, Tim D. Smith, and David J. Starkey

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780973007312

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780973007312.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 12 June 2021

Nineteenth-Century Expansion of the Newfoundland Fishery for Atlantic Cod: An Exploration of Underlying Causes

Nineteenth-Century Expansion of the Newfoundland Fishery for Atlantic Cod: An Exploration of Underlying Causes

Chapter:
(p.31) Nineteenth-Century Expansion of the Newfoundland Fishery for Atlantic Cod: An Exploration of Underlying Causes
Source:
The Exploited Seas
Author(s):

Sean T. Cadigan

Jeffrey A. Hutchings

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780973007312.003.0003

Sean T. Cadigan and Jeffrey A. Hutchings seek to answer why the Newfoundland Fishery expanded into waters off the Labrador coast. The factors they discover are a combination of the British strategy to boost imperial control; the need to utilise schooners otherwise idle outside of spring seal hunts; and, crucially, the ecological problems and declining catch rate of the inshore Newfoundland fishery, despire an increased fishing effort. They analyse extant literature, contemporary press accounts, and Newfoundland census data from 1845-1911 and conclude that the demographic growth of the area led to an ecological imbalance, which led to the investment in large schooners to travel further afield in search of cod.

Keywords:   Labrador Coast, Fishing Ecology, Fishing Technology, Fishing Schooners, British Fish Trade, Fisherman Demographics

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