This chapter examines the social impact that containerisation - and the drastic topographical and economic changes to the shipping industry - had upon the livliehoods of maritime labourers. It explores the challenges and consequences of new technologies faced by labourers and maritime communities within the shipping industrythe drastic shifts in skillsets necessary for maritime labourers in order to keep up with technological development; and the reduction of labour force within the shipping industry. The chapter is divided into sections as follows: Seafarers; Flags of Convenience; Training; Down-sizing and Multi-skilling; Safety and Accidents at Sea; Port Workers; Decimation of the Work Force; Social Consequences of Containerism; Industrial Conflicts and Port Workers’ Unions; The International Transport Workers’ Federation; and Resugent Militancy and Political Protest. It concludes by suggesting the only way forward is to approach modernisation, globalisation, and privatisation with a humane outlook.
Keywords: International Transport Workers’ Federation, Maritime Labour Unions, Mairitme Work Conditions, Dock Worker Communities, Port Workers’ Unions, National Dock Labour Scheme, World Trade Organisation
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