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British Tramp Shipping, 1750-1914$
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Robin Craig

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780973007343

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780973007343.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 31 July 2021

The Trades

The Trades

Chapter:
The Trades
Source:
British Tramp Shipping, 1750-1914
Author(s):

Robin Craig

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780973007343.003.0003

This section is divided into two major subsections, both examining a core trade within the tramp-shipping industry. The first is dedicated to the copper ore trade, and examines the trade as it flourished within the Swansea region, alongside smelting and refining crafts; the development of copper ore mines; the perilous careers of the seamen involved in the trade; and the decline of copper due to the rise of steel and tin plate. It contains two appendices, a record of copper imported to Swansea in tonnage, and a record of typical routes and cargoes of a copper ore vessel between 1870 and 1897. The second subsection focuses on the African guano trade, providing a comprehensive history and paying particular attention to the brief but influential Ichaeboe guano industry. This subsection includes numerous exerpts from seafarers involved in the trade, and includes three appendices - listing vessel details, guano imports by tonnage, and the number of men involved in the trade.

Keywords:   Copper Ore Trade, African Guano Trade, Maritime Swansea, Andrew Livingstone, Ichaboe

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