This section is divided into two major subsections, both examining a core trade within the tramp-shipping industry. The first is dedicated to the copper ore trade, and examines the trade as it flourished within the Swansea region, alongside smelting and refining crafts; the development of copper ore mines; the perilous careers of the seamen involved in the trade; and the decline of copper due to the rise of steel and tin plate. It contains two appendices, a record of copper imported to Swansea in tonnage, and a record of typical routes and cargoes of a copper ore vessel between 1870 and 1897. The second subsection focuses on the African guano trade, providing a comprehensive history and paying particular attention to the brief but influential Ichaeboe guano industry. This subsection includes numerous exerpts from seafarers involved in the trade, and includes three appendices - listing vessel details, guano imports by tonnage, and the number of men involved in the trade.
Liverpool Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.