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Sail and SteamSelected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen$
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Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780973007374

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 26 July 2021

Five Years Before the Mast: Observations on the Conditions of Maritime Labour in Finland and Elsewhere

Five Years Before the Mast: Observations on the Conditions of Maritime Labour in Finland and Elsewhere

Chapter:
(p.31) Five Years Before the Mast: Observations on the Conditions of Maritime Labour in Finland and Elsewhere
Source:
Sail and Steam
Author(s):

Yrjö Kaukiainen

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0006

This chapter attempts to define the characteristics of a transitioning maritime labour system. It discusses the living conditions and working environment for ordinary sailors in Finland and abroad, and provides examples of cruel maritime discipline, which, in parts, can be analogous to features of slavery. Kaukiainen responds to this discussion with an investigation on how far this cruelty contributed to desertion rates, and documents the previous shifts in power between masters and sailors over periods of history. The chapter concludes with the argument that there was a significant change in traditional power systems within maritime Finland during the early modern period, and suggests that this shift can be understood as an integral part of the emergence of merchant capitalism.

Keywords:   Maritime Labour, Finnish Sailors, Finnish Merchant Navy, Finnish Maritime Labour, International Maritime Labour, Finnish Shipping, Yrjö Kaukiainen, Merchant Capitalism

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