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Maritime Transport and MigrationThe Connections between Maritime and Migration Networks$
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Torsten Feys, Lewis R. Fischer, Stephane Hoste, and Stephen Vanfraechem

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780973893434

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780973893434.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 27 July 2021

The Role of Foreign-born Agents in the Development of Mass Migrant Travel through Britain, 1851-1924

The Role of Foreign-born Agents in the Development of Mass Migrant Travel through Britain, 1851-1924

Chapter:
(p.49) The Role of Foreign-born Agents in the Development of Mass Migrant Travel through Britain, 1851-1924
Source:
Maritime Transport and Migration
Author(s):

Nicholas J. Evans

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780973893434.003.0004

This chapter examines how Britain profited from the foreign component of the passenger trade through the employment of foreign-born agents in the development of British business ventures. It considers the role of commercial agents, translators, and lodging-house keepers on land, and merchant marines, Lascar seamen, and various maritime crew at sea, in effort to determine how pivotal foreign-born labour was to the British shipping industry. It argues that without the aid of foreign-born agents, British shipping companies would have lost their competitive international advantage fairly quickly. By analysing the British emigration market over the course of the nineteenth century; the activity of British ports; and actions of British shipping companies including Cunard and White Star, it concludes that foreign agents ensured that the revolution in transoceanic passenger shipping flowed through British companies, rectifying the historical assumption that foreign agents took advantage of the British market.

Keywords:   British Passenger Shipping, Emigration Agents, Lascar Seamen, Liner Shipping, Transmigration, British Ports, British Migrant Market

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