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Maritime Transport and MigrationThe Connections between Maritime and Migration Networks$
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Torsten Feys, Lewis R. Fischer, Stephane Hoste, and Stephen Vanfraechem

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780973893434

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780973893434.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Crossing the Last Frontier: Transatlantic Movements of Asian Maritime Workers, c. 1900-1945

Crossing the Last Frontier: Transatlantic Movements of Asian Maritime Workers, c. 1900-1945

Chapter:
Crossing the Last Frontier: Transatlantic Movements of Asian Maritime Workers, c. 1900-19451
Source:
Maritime Transport and Migration
Author(s):

G. Balachandran

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9780973893434.003.0007

This essay explores the maritime migration network between Asia and America by way of Europe during the first half of the twentieth century. It pays particular attention to the maritime activity of ‘lascar’ seamen, and the movement of labour between Britain, America, India, China, and Hong Kong. It examines the changes that underwent the network over time, the quantities of migrants and their intended destinations, and the period of upheaval caused by each World War. It also examines the racial, social, political, and cultural factors that shaped British and US immigration policies during the period. It concludes by stating that the US was undoubtedly a primary destination for Asian labourers, despite the well-broatcast perils relating to wages, racism, nationalism, and subjugation.

Keywords:   Migration Patterns, Lascar Seamen, Maritime India, Maritime China, Maritime Hong Kong, British Imperialism, Twentieth Century Immigration Policies

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