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Policing the SeasAnglo-American Relations and the Equatorial Atlantic, 1819-1865$
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Mark C. Hunter

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780973893465

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780973893465.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 30 June 2022

The Atlantic

The Atlantic

(p.19) Chapter 2 The Atlantic
Policing the Seas

Mark C. Hunter

Liverpool University Press

This chapter places the goals and the naval structures of Britain and America into the context of economic development and international relations in the equatorial Atlantic. It introduces the economic status of the Atlantic region in the early nineteenth century, before detailing how British and American naval activity developed power within it. It explores ‘gentlemanly capitalism’ and British imperialism in relation to naval policy-making; the free-trade mentality adopted by the British Empire in the middle of the century and the impact this had on trade with South America and West Africa. It discusses British naval strategy and deployment, American naval policy, and the economic basis of the Anglo-American relationship. It concludes that though America took a protectionist approach to commerce while the British objective sought liberal trade, they avoided diplomatic difficulty by utilising their respective sea powers in order to navigate maritime activity peacefully.

Keywords:   Pax Britannica, Gentlemanly Capitalism, Maritime West Africa, West African Trade, Maritime Economics, British Naval Strategy, American Naval Strategy

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