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Taiwanese Distant-Water Fisheries in Southeast Asia, 1936-1977$
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Henry T. Chen

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780973893496

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780973893496.001.0001

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The 1970s Crisis in the Taiwanese Fishing Industry

The 1970s Crisis in the Taiwanese Fishing Industry

(p.167) Chapter 9 The 1970s Crisis in the Taiwanese Fishing Industry
Taiwanese Distant-Water Fisheries in Southeast Asia, 1936-1977

Henry T. Chen

Liverpool University Press

This final chapter explores the crisis in the Taiwanese fishing industry that occurred in the 1970s due to the simultaneous manifestation of several major operations problems, some of which were inevitable. Factors included labour shortages; the 1973 energy crisis; Taiwanese diplomatic isolation; business oversights; depletion of fish stock; and financially fragile fishing companies. The chapter concludes by examining this impact of the implementation of the 200-mile Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) on distant-water fishing in the late 1970s, claiming the environmental conservation efforts of EEZs worked tremendously well but effectively banned Taiwanese trawlers from exploiting fish stocks - the beginning of the end for Kaohsiung trawl fisheries.

Keywords:   Maritime Labour, Taiwanese Diplomacy, Taiwanese Fish Stock, Fishing Overexploitation, Exclusive Economic Zones

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