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The Vital SparkThe British Coastal Trade, 1700-1930$
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John Armstrong

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780986497308

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780986497308.001.0001

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Climax and Climacteric: The British Coastal Trade, 1870-1930

Climax and Climacteric: The British Coastal Trade, 1870-1930

(p.261) Chapter 14 Climax and Climacteric: The British Coastal Trade, 1870-19301
The Vital Spark

John Armstrong

Liverpool University Press

This chapter is a study of the rise and decline of the British coastal shipping trade between 1870 and 1914. It separates the period into three segments: the prosperous 1870-1914; the immediate impact of the First World War 1914-1918; and the stagnation of 1918-1930. It examines both the short and long-term causes of decline, and concludes that the decline and stagnation of the coastal fleet was due to a combination of factors, both avoidable and inevitable. Crucially, though the coastal shipping continued to innovate during this period it did not do so quickly enough to rescue the industry.

Keywords:   British Industrialisation, British Interwar History, Maritime Warfare, British Transport Monopolies

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