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Rough WatersAmerican Involvement with the Mediterranean in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries$
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Silvia Marzagalli, James R. Sofka, and John McCusker

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780986497346

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9780986497346.001.0001

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Consuls and Consiglieri: United States Relations with the Italian States, 1790-1815

Consuls and Consiglieri: United States Relations with the Italian States, 1790-1815

(p.77) Consuls and Consiglieri: United States Relations with the Italian States, 1790-1815
Rough Waters

Anthony J. Antonucci

Liverpool University Press

This chapter further explores the trade relationship between the United States and Italy during the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars by examining the role of American consuls in the complex web of trade relationships between them. It investigates American consular records in attempt to determine how central their role was, and studies the way this role adapted over time. It provides case studies of the consulates of Livorno, Naples, and Sicily by analysing consul activity such as requests for military intervention against French authorities; negotiation tactics used to broker peace with monarchs and authority figures; connections made with local merchants; and the promotion of commerce. It concludes that despite the complexity of the role and the frequent changes to regime and personnel, American consuls established and developed political, social, and economic networks between America and Italy that benefitted American trade tremendously.

Keywords:   Italian Maritime Merchants, American Consulates, Italian Shipping, Port of Livorno, Fillipo Felicchi, Thomas W. Appleton

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