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The Roman HannibalRemembering the Enemy in Silius Italicus' Punica$
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Claire Stocks

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781781380284

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781380284.001.0001

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The Man and his Myth: The Self-Defined Roman Hannibal

The Man and his Myth: The Self-Defined Roman Hannibal

(p.218) Chapter Eleven The Man and his Myth: The Self-Defined Roman Hannibal
The Roman Hannibal

Claire Stocks

Liverpool University Press

This chapter focuses on five episodes in the Punica which show Hannibal's concern for his future and his legacy. These scenes offer an opportunity to focus more intensely upon Silius’ Hannibal as a reader of his own mythology as well as providing a chance to revisit, and to re-evaluate, some of the topics raised earlier in the book. These episodes focus on Hannibal's desire to emulate Hercules (Books 1 and 3) and to erase the memory of Carthage's defeat in the first Punic war, which he seesdisplayed in images on the temple walls at Liternum, by creating new images of his envisioned future victories (Book 6). These episodes also show his desire to challenge Jupiter (Book 12) and his belief that he will be forever dreaded by Rome (Book 17). Despite the delusions that he displays throughout the epic, in Book 17 Hannibal is shown to provide a realistic assessment of how he will be remembered by posterity.

Keywords:   Hercules, Liternum, Rome, Jupiter, Zama, legacy

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