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The Roman HannibalRemembering the Enemy in Silius Italicus' Punica$
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Claire Stocks

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781781380284

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781380284.001.0001

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Before Silius: The Creation of the Roman Hannibal

Before Silius: The Creation of the Roman Hannibal

(p.13) Chapter Two Before Silius: The Creation of the Roman Hannibal
The Roman Hannibal

Claire Stocks

Liverpool University Press

This chapter focuses on those texts, written before SiliusItalicus’ Punica, which feature Hannibal. These texts include the (extremely) fragmentary works of Hannibal's own historians Silenus and Sosylus, as well as the works of Cicero, Cornelius Nepos, Horace, Valerius Maximus and Seneca. Special attention is paid to Polybius’ Histories, which – although written in Greek – are aimed in part at a Roman audience and contain a detailed account of the Carthaginian's life. By examining the portrayal of Hannibal in these texts, it is argued that a picture of the ‘Roman Hannibal’ emerges which shows how the Carthaginian became celebrated in Rome as much for his military acumen as for his supposed cruelty.

Keywords:   Polybius, Cicero, Horace, Cornelius Nepos, Valerius Maximus, Seneca, dirus Hannibal, Hannibal ad portas, perfidus Hannibal

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