This chapter discusses the epic models for SiliusItalicus’ Hannibal, with particular focus on the protagonists of Homer's Iliad, Ennius’ Annales,Virgil's Aeneid, Lucan's De Bello Ciuili,ValeriusFlaccus’ Argonautica, and Statius’ Thebaid. It is argued that Silius’ Hannibal is an epic hero that redefines his epic models and at times appears to be more ‘Roman’ than his opponents. It is also noted, however, that Hannibal's position as a redefined and innovative epic hero risks being undermined by the prominent intertextuality with his Greek and Roman epic models. This chapter aims to resolve the tension created by this situation by claiming that Silius’ Hannibal remains an innovation by virtue of his ability to simultaneously imitate (and reinvent) multiple epic models and by the fact that he embodies Jupiter's vision of how a Roman uir should act.
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