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The Liverpool Companion to World Science Fiction Film$
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Sonja Fritzsche

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781781380383

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781380383.001.0001

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Looking for French Science Fiction Cinema

Looking for French Science Fiction Cinema

(p.138) 8. Looking for French Science Fiction Cinema
The Liverpool Companion to World Science Fiction Film

Daniel Tron

Liverpool University Press

Thanks to George Méliès, France can claim paternity of science fiction cinema. Yet, past this promising start, it is quite difficult to identify the heirs to A Trip to the Moon. This chapter explores the many faces and transformations of the genre and tries to find the cultural and artistic coherence of movies spanning a broad aesthetic spectrum. From early experimentation at the turn of the twentieth century, to the New Wave and postmodernist retro-futures, black and white, animation, surrealist poetry and dystopian noir, French science fiction cinema has kept reinventing itself, exploring new territories and eluding conclusive definition. At the crossroads between high brow and low brow culture, art and industry, French science fiction cinema bears the marks of the conflicted relationship between French cultural institutions, authors and genres. It remains a laboratory thriving on its paradoxes.

Keywords:   Surrealism, poetry, Noir, experimental, Méliès, Postmodernism, retro-futures, animation

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