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On the EdgeWriting the Border between Haiti and the Dominican Republic$
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Maria Cristina Fumagalli

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781781381601

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781381601.001.0001

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date: 24 May 2019

The 1791 revolt and the borderland from below

The 1791 revolt and the borderland from below

(p.48) Chapter Two The 1791 revolt and the borderland from below
On the Edge

Maria Cristina Fumagalli

Liverpool University Press

This chapter analyses three autobiographical captivity narratives by white eyewitnesses who were taken prisoners by the rebels just after the slave revolt of 1791 and put them in dialogue with five fictional reconstructions of the rebellion and its aftermath. The three captivity narratives, known as récits historiques or historical accounts, were published in 1793 in Cap-Français. The five fictional texts are Victor Hugo's Bug-Jargal (1819 and 1826) and ‘The Saint Domingue Revolt’(1845); Jean-Baptiste Picquenard's Adonis, ou le bon nègre (1798) and Zoflra, ou la bonne negrèsse (1801); and Madison Smartt Bell's All Souls' Rising (1995). All these fictional and non-fictional narratives contain numerous references to the role played by the colonial frontier and the borderland in the unfolding of the events that drove slaves to revolt against whites in Saint Domingue.

Keywords:   autobiographical captivity narratives, slave revolt of 1791, Victor Hugo, Saint Domingue, fiction, non-fiction, colonial frontier, borderland, slaves, whites

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