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The Earles of LiverpoolA Georgian Merchant Dynasty$
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Peter Earle

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781781381731

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781381731.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 04 August 2021

Origins of a Merchant Dynasty

Origins of a Merchant Dynasty

(p.1) Chapter One Origins of a Merchant Dynasty
The Earles of Liverpool

Peter Earle

Liverpool University Press

This chapter focusses on John Earle, the biographical material being set against a summary of Liverpool’s economic and commercial history, 1700-1730. Subjects discussed include his family’s background, his apprenticeship, the trades engaged in by his master and later him as shown in the port books, his two marriages, one with an heiress, and also his two bankruptcies which were probably caused by his being in too much of a hurry. John and his master, William Clayton, engaged in such traditional Liverpool trades as sugar and tobacco and the very important trade with Ireland, but they were also innovators in the wine trade and, more importantly, in the slave trade from West Africa to the West Indies. John retired to nearby Prescot for the last 20 years of his life and the chapter concludes by speculating on how the former bankrupt was able to provide for his three sons.

Keywords:   apprenticeship, slave trade, marriage, bankruptcy

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