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The Earles of LiverpoolA Georgian Merchant Dynasty$
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Peter Earle

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781781381731

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781381731.001.0001

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Thomas Earle of Leghorn

Thomas Earle of Leghorn

(p.115) Chapter Six Thomas Earle of Leghorn
The Earles of Liverpool

Peter Earle

Liverpool University Press

Thomas, the second of John Earle’s sons, specialized in trade with Italy. He spoke the language fluently and acquired his initial capital by acting as agent in Livorno (Leghorn) for a famous privateer. He then, in the early 1750s, set up as a merchant in Livorno in partnership with another Liverpool man, Thomas Hodgson. Some 12 or 15 English merchant houses comprised the Livorno “factory” and their organization and the nature of their trades are discussed, using both English and Italian sources, as well as the particular activities of Earle & Hodgson. Sources used include shipping data, reports on imports in the Liverpool papers and letters written to Earle & Hodgson by their customers. The chapter also examines the social and family life of Thomas in Italy, using descriptions of his household by visitors and letters written to Thomas’s wife Mary by his former clerk, Joseph Denham.

Keywords:   Livorno, English factory, Mediterranean trade, living abroad

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