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The Earles of LiverpoolA Georgian Merchant Dynasty$
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Peter Earle

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781781381731

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781381731.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 04 August 2021

The Last Years of Livorno

The Last Years of Livorno

Chapter:
(p.217) Chapter Eleven The Last Years of Livorno
Source:
The Earles of Liverpool
Author(s):

Peter Earle

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9781781381731.003.0011

This chapter analyses shipowning by the brothers in the 1780s and 1790s and this leads into a discussion of the economics of shipowning. The focus then moves to the Earle partnership in Livorno. This was on a much bigger scale than in the days of Thomas Earle senior, the port benefitting from being a British naval base in the early 1790s. The French captured Livorno in 1796, though not before nearly all the British personnel, ships and goods had been evacuated. An attempt was made to start up business again during the short-lived Peace of Amiens but this was unsuccessful and so the English presence in Livorno came to an end. These last days of Earle involvement in Italy are very well documented in a surviving letter book which enables a detailed description of the ways of doing business to be written.

Keywords:   letter book, charter parties, passenger trade, Royal Navy, Napoleon

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