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Tropics of HaitiRace and the Literary History of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World, 1789-1865$
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Marlene L. Daut

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781781381847

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781381847.001.0001

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“Monstrous Hybridity” in Colonial and Revolutionary Writing from Saint-Domingue

“Monstrous Hybridity” in Colonial and Revolutionary Writing from Saint-Domingue

(p.73) Chapter One “Monstrous Hybridity” in Colonial and Revolutionary Writing from Saint-Domingue
Tropics of Haiti

Marlene L. Daut

Liverpool University Press

Discusses the problem of knowing that became attached to the idea of the “mulatto/a” as a way to express anxieties about the instability of political loyalties during the Haitian Revolution. Argues that there is a hidden dynamism in early naturalist narratives about “race” that reinforces the idea of natural phenotypic enmity between “mulattoes” and “negroes.” The reiteration of these claims in early 19th-century writings about the Haitian Revolution is shown to have been used later to explain the political distinctions to be found in the territories of Haitian leaders, Alexandre Pétion and Henry Christophe. The existence of two Haitis in the early 19th century thus became one of the most prominently evoked examples of “monstrous hybridity” in all of the Atlantic World.

Keywords:   Hybridity, Race, Independence, Naturalism, Science, Parricide, Genocide, Race War

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