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TerraformingEcopolitical Transformations and Environmentalism in Science Fiction$
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Chris Pak

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781781382844

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781382844.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 15 December 2019

Ecology and Environmental Awareness in 1960s–1970s Terraforming Stories

Ecology and Environmental Awareness in 1960s–1970s Terraforming Stories

(p.98) 3: Ecology and Environmental Awareness in 1960s–1970s Terraforming Stories

Chris Pak

Liverpool University Press

Terraforming and its destructive ecological impact began to receive greater attention in the light of environmentalism in the 1960s-1970s. This chapter draws attention to the links between the utopian imagination, the pastoral, and the notion of the communard, a concept that was re-voiced in “New Age” environmentalist discourse. The first section compares and contrasts several significant proto-Gaian works while the second explores terraforming narratives that re-work the 1950s tradition. Citing Val Plumwood’s analysis of dualistic operations in Feminism and the Mastery of Nature, the conflict between colonising forces and indigenous populations is considered. This section argues that the popular ecological image of connection and the theme of love is a symbolic attempt to bridge the hyperseparation between dualised concepts; between coloniser and colonised, nature and culture.

Keywords:   Ecology, Gaia Hypothesis, Dualism, Ecofeminism, Ecopolitics, Colonialism, Indigeneity, Alien Communication, Terragouging, Extractive Industries

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