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Knights Across the AtlanticThe Knights of Labor in Britain and Ireland$

Steven Parfitt

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781781383186

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781383186.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

(p.239) Bibliography

(p.239) Bibliography

Knights Across the Atlantic
Liverpool University Press

Primary Sources

Online Newspaper Archives

The British Library Newspaper Archive

JSTOR Periodicals Collection

The Library of Congress: Chronicling America

The National Library of Australia: Trove

Proquest Newspaper Archives

Newspapers on Microfilm

Birmingham Workmen’s Times

Bootle Times


Dudley Herald

Glasgow Weekly Mail

Halfpenny Weekly

Ironworkers Journal

John Swinton’s Paper

Journal of United Labor (renamed Journal of the Knights of Labor in 1890)


Labour Tribune

Liverpool Courier

Liverpool Echo

Liverpool Post

Mexborough and Swinton Times

Midlands Advertiser

Midland Counties Express

Philadelphia Press

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Rotherham Advertiser

Smethwick Telephone

Smethwick Weekly News

Stourbridge, Brierley Hill and County Express

The Miner

Walsall Advertiser and Newspaper

Walsall Free Press

Walsall Observer

West Bromwich Free Press

Wolverhampton Chronicle

Wolverhampton Express and Star

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——, and B. Turner, ‘Ben Turner,’ in D. Howell and K. Gildart (eds), The Dictionary of Labour Biography, Vol. XIII (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).

Nicoleavsky, B.I. ‘Secret Societies and the First International,’ from M. Drakhk-ovitch (ed.), The Revolutionary Internationals, 1864–1943 (London: Stanford University Press, 1966).

Oestreicher, R. ‘Terence Powderly, the Knights of Labor and Artisanal Republicanism,’ in M. Dubofsky and W. Van Tine (eds), Labor Leaders in America (Urbana: University of Liverpool Press, 1987).

Orwell, G. ‘The Lion and the Unicorn,’ in G. Orwell, Essays (London: Penguin, 2000).

Phillips, G. ‘The British Labour Movement Before 1914’, in D. Geary (ed.), Labour and Socialist Movements in Europe Before 1914 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989).

Reid, F. ‘Keir Hardie’s Conversion to Socialism,’ in A. Briggs and J. Saville (eds), Essays in Labour History, 1886–1923 (London: Macmillan, 1971).

(p.252) Roth, H. ‘Knights of Labour,’ in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, 1966, found at: http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/1966/political-parties/page-7

Shepherd, J. ‘Labour and Parliament: The Lib-Labs as the First Working-Class MPs, 1885–1906,’ in E. Biagini and A. Reid (eds), Currents of Radicalism: Popular radicalism, Organized labour, and Party Politics in Britain, 1850–1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

Smyth, J.J. ‘The ILP in Glasgow, 1888–1906: The Struggle for Identity,’ in A. McKinlay and R. Morris (eds), The ILP on Clydeside, 1893–1932: From Foundation to Disintegration (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1990).

Taplin, E. ‘Liverpool Tramwaymen,’ in Harold R. Hikins (ed.), Building the Union: Studies in the Growth of the Workers’ Movement, Merseyside, 1756–1967 (Liverpool: Liverpool Trades Council, 1973).

——. ‘The History of Dock Labour: Liverpool, c.1850–1914,’ in Sam Davies et al. (eds), Dock Workers: International Explorations in Comparative Labour History, 1790–1970 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).

Taylor, A.J.P. ‘Men of 1862,’ in C.J. Wrigley (ed.), AJP Taylor: From Napoleon to the Second International (London: Faber and Faber, 1993).

Taylor, E. ‘Edward Trow,’ in J. Bellamy and J. Saville (eds), Dictionary of Labour Biography, Vol. III (London: Macmillan, 1976), pp. 187–92.

Van der Linden, M. ‘Labor Internationalism,’ in van der Linden (ed.), Workers of the World: Essays Toward a Global Labour History (Leiden: Brill, 2008).

——. ‘The Rise and Fall of the First International: An Interpretation,’ in F. van Holthoon and van der Linden (eds), Internationalism in the Labour Movement, 1830–1940, Vol. I (Leiden: Brill, 1988).

Weir, R. ‘Dress Rehearsal for Pullman: The Knights of Labor and the 1890 New York Central Strike,’ in R. Schneirov, S. Stromquist and N. Salvatore (eds), The Pullman Strike and the Crisis of the 1890s: Essays on Labor and Politics (Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1999).

Wood, I. ‘Irish Immigrants and Scottish Radicalism, 1880–1906,’ in I. McDougall and J. Donald (eds), Essays in Scottish Labour History (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1976).

Wrigley, C.J. ‘Liberals and the Desire for Working-Class Representatives in Battersea 1886–1922,’ in K.D. Brown (ed.), Essays in Anti-Labour History (London: Macmillan, 1974).

Journal Articles

Archer, R. ‘Unions, Courts, and Parties: Judicial Repression and Labor Politics in Late Nineteenth-Century America,’ Politics and Society, 26:3 (1998), pp. 391–422.

Arnesen, E. ‘Following the Color Line of Labor: Black Workers and the Labor Movement before 1930,’ Radical History Review, 55 (1993), pp. 53–87.

(p.253) Bean, R. ‘A Note on the Knights of Labour in Liverpool,’ Labor History, 13:1 (1972), pp. 68–78.

Benson, J. ‘Black Country History and Labour History,’ Midland History, 15:1 (1990), pp. 100–110.

Churchward, L.G. ‘The American Influence on the Australian Labour Movement,’ Historical Studies: Australia and New Zealand, 5 (1953), pp. 258–77.

Crowley, D.W. ‘The Crofters’ Party, 1885–92’, Scottish Historical Review, 35 (1956), pp. 110–26.

Dudden, F. ‘Small Town Knights: The Knights of Labor in Homer, New York,’ Labor History, 28:3 (1987), pp. 307–27.

Duffy, A.E.P. ‘The Eight Hours Day Movement in Britain, 1886–1893,’ The Manchester School, 36:4 (1968), pp. 203–22.

Fine, Janice, and Daniel Tichenor. ‘A Movement Wrestling: American Labor’s Enduring Struggle with Immigration, 1866–2007,’ Studies in American Political Development, 23 (2009), pp. 84–113.

Fink, L. ‘The New Labor History and the Powers of Historical Pessimism: Consensus, Hegemony, and the Case of the Knights of Labor,’ Journal of American History, 75:1 (1988), pp. 115–32.

Fones-Wolf, K. ‘Immigrants, Labor and Capital in a Transnational Context: Belgian Glass Workers in America, 1880–1925,’ Journal of American Ethnic History, 21:2 (2002), pp. 59–80.

Gerteis, J. ‘The Possession of Civic Virtue: Movement Narratives of Race and Class in the Knights of Labor,’ American Journal of Sociology, 108 (2002), pp. 580–615.

Grob, G. ‘The Knights of Labor and the Trade Unions, 1878–1886,’ The Journal of Economic History, 18:2 (1958), pp. 176–92.

Hanagan, M.P. ‘An Agenda for Transnational Labor History,’ International Review of Social History, 49:3 (2004), pp. 455–74.

Hobsbawm, E.J. ‘General Labour Unions in Britain, 1889–1914,’ Economic History Review, 1:2 (1949), pp. 123–42.

Hyslop, J. ‘The Imperial Working Class Makes itself “White”: White Labourism in Britain, Australia, and South Africa before the First World War,’ Journal of Historical Sociology, 12:4 (1999), pp. 398–421.

James, B. ‘The Knights of Labor and their Context,’ found at: http://www.takver.com/history/secsoc02.htm

Kaufman, J. ‘Rise and Fall of a Nation of Joiners: The Knights of Labor Revisited,’ Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 31:4 (2001), pp. 553–79.

Kirk, N., D.M. MacRaild and M. Nolan. ‘Introduction: Transnational Ideas, Activities, and Organizations in Labour History 1860s to 1920s,’ Labour History Review, 74:3 (2009), pp. 221–32.

Laslett, J.H.M. ‘Haymarket, Henry George, and the Labor Upsurge in Britain and America during the Late 1880s,’ International Labor and Working-Class History, 29 (1986), pp. 68–82.

(p.254) Lorwin, L.L. ‘The Structures of International Labor Activities,’ Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 310 (1957), pp. 1–11.

McAteer, S. ‘The New Unionism in Derry, 1889–1892: A Demonstration of its Inclusive Nature,’ Saothar, 16 (1991), pp. 11–22.

Marsden, K.G. ‘Patriotic Societies and American Labor: The American Protective Association in Wisconsin,’ The Wisconsin Magazine of History, 41 (1958), pp. 287–94.

Matthews, D. ‘1889 and All That: New Views on the New Unionism,’ International Review of Social History, 36:1 (1991), pp. 24–58.

Moloney, D. ‘Land League Activism in Transnational Perspective,’ US Catholic Historian, 22:3 (2004), pp. 61–74.

Moody, T.W. ‘Michael Davitt and the British Labour Movement, 1882–1906,’ Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Fifth Series, 3 (1953), pp. 53–76.

Parfitt, S. ‘Brotherhood from a Distance: Americanization and the Internationalism of the Knights of Labor,’ International Review of Social History, 58:3 (2013), pp. 463–91.

——. ‘The First-and-a-Half International: The Knights of Labor and the History of International Labour Organizations in the Nineteenth Century,’ Labour History Review, 80:2 (2015), pp. 135–67.

Parlee, L.M. ‘The Impact of United States Railroad Unions on Organized Labor and Government Policy in Mexico (1880–1911),’ The Hispanic American Historical Review, 64:3 (1984), pp. 443–75.

Pelling, H. ‘The American Labour Movement: A British View,’ Political Studies, 2:3 (1954), pp. 227–41.

——. ‘The Knights of Labor in Britain, 1880–1901,’ The Economic History Review, 9 (1956), pp. 313–31.

Peterson, L. ‘One Big Union in International Perspective: Revolutionary Industrial Unionism, 1900–1925,’ Labour/Le Travail, 7 (1981), pp. 41–66.

Rose, S.O. ‘Gender and Labour History,’ in Marcel van der Linden (ed.), The End of Labour History? International Review of Social History Supplement 1, 38 (1993), pp. 145–62.

Roth, H. ‘American Influences on the New Zealand Labour Movement,’ Australian Historical Studies, 9 (1961), pp. 413–20.

——. ‘The Distribution of New Zealand Radicalism: 1890–1957,’ New Zealand Geographer, 15:1 (1959), pp. 76–83.

Sadler, E. ‘One Book’s Influence: Edward Bellamy’s Looking Backward,’ New England Quarterly, 17:4 (1944), pp. 530–55.

Saville, J. ‘Henry George and the British Labour Movement,’ Science and Society, 24:4 (1960), pp. 321–33.

Scates, B. ‘“Millennium or Pandemonium?”: Radicalism in the Labour Movement, Sydney, 1889–1899,’ Labour History, 50 (1986), pp. 72–94.

——. ‘“Wobblers”: Single Taxers in the Labour Movement, Melbourne 1889–1899,’ Historical Studies, 21:83 (1984), pp. 174–96.

(p.255) Searles, M. ‘The Origins of New Unionism on Tyneside,’ North East Labour History, 25 (1991), pp. 25–50.

Stromquist, S. ‘“Thinking Globally, Acting Locally”: Municipal Labour and Socialist Activism in Comparative Perspective, 1890–1920,’ Labour History Review, 74:3 (2009), pp. 233–56.

Taylor, E. ‘A Craft Society in the Age of General Unions: The Chainmakers and Strikers Association of Saltney, Pontypridd and Staffordshire 1889–1914,’ West Midlands Studies, 5 (1970), pp. 29–30.

——. ‘The Midland Counties Trades Federation, 1886–1914,’ Midland History, 1:3 (1972), pp. 26–40.

Thistlewaite, F. ‘The Atlantic Migration of the Pottery Industry,’ The Economic History Review, 11:2 (1958), pp. 264–78.

Weir, R. ‘A Fragile Alliance: Henry George and the Knights of Labor,’ American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 56:4 (1997), pp. 421–39.

Wilentz, S. ‘Against Exceptionalism: Class Consciousness and the American Labor Movement, 1790–1920,’ International Labor and Working-Class History, 26 (1984), pp. 1–24.

Young, J.D. ‘Changing Images of American Democracy and the Scottish Labour Movement,’ International Review of Social History, 18:1 (1973), pp. 69–89.

——. ‘Evolution of a Working-class Vocabulary,’ Bulletin of the Society for the Study of Labour History, 21 (1970), p. 15.

PhD Theses

Blackburn, S.C. Sweated Labour and the Minimum Wage: A Case Study of the Women Chainmakers of Cradley Heath, South Staffordshire, 1850–1950 (University of London, 1984).

Hunt, G. The Pub, the Village and the People (University of Kent, 1989).

Medley, G.R.W. The Geography of Industrial Decline: The Black Country Iron and Steel Industry, 1850–1900 (University of London, 1986).

Rabinovitch, V. British Marxist Socialism and Trade Unionism: The Attitudes, Experiences and Activities of the Social-Democratic Federation (1884–1901) (University of Sussex, 1977).

Ross, C. The Development of the Glass Industry on the Rivers Tyne and Wear, 1700–1900 (Newcastle University, 1982).

Taylor, E. The Working Class Movement in the Black Country, 1863–1914 (Keele University, 1974).

Wright, M. Wales and Socialism: Political Culture and National Identity, c. 1880–1914 (University of Cardiff, 2011).

Wright, R.A. Liberal Party Organisation and Politics in Birmingham, Coventry and Wolverhampton, 1886–1914, with Particular Reference to the Development of Independent Labour Representation (University of Birmingham, 1977).