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Tartan Gangs and ParamilitariesThe Loyalist Backlash$
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Gareth Mulvenna

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781781383261

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781383261.001.0001

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Convergence (1972)

Convergence (1972)

(p.144) 5 Convergence (1972)
Tartan Gangs and Paramilitaries

Gareth Mulvenna

Liverpool University Press

This chapter explores the convergence between the nascent loyalist paramilitaries, most notably the Red Hand Commando and Young Citizen Volunteers, with the Tartan gangs which had been so prominent throughout 1971. The ‘backlash’ which had been mentioned so often in the press began to become a reality as the loyalist assassination campaign began in earnest and a forceful and frightening subculture gained momentum. A large number of militant loyalists took to the streets and were given the approval of politicians such as William Craig, the former Stormont Minister of Home Affairs.

Keywords:   Young Citizen Volunteers, Tartan gangs, Red Hand Commando, Subculture, Loyalism

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