Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Biopunk Dystopias Genetic Engineering, Society and Science Fiction$

Lars Schmeink

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781781383766

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781781383766.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

(p.266) Index

(p.266) Index

Source:
Biopunk Dystopias Genetic Engineering, Society and Science Fiction
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
Aasland, Derek 214
Abrams, J.J. 182
Agamben, Giorgio 86, 225, 235, 236
Agier, Michel 55
Aichele, George 191
Aldiss, Brian 32–3
Alphas TV series 180–81
Althusser, Louis 30, 31
Anderson, Paul W.S. 205, 212, 214, 243 see also Resident Evil film series
animal ‘other’ 82–96
animal engineering 83–4
human-animal hybridity 89–96
invasive species and environmental cost 85–8
Anthropocene, global change 75–6
anti-humanism 30–31
Appleton, Sarah 78
Aridzanjan, Hakob 168n9
Atwood, Margaret 12, 71–3, 75, 242, 243
‘MaddAddam’ trilogy 15, 71–2, 73–4, 75, 76, 102–5, 116–18
genetic engineering 83–4, 96–7
MaddAddam 74, 90–91, 93
Oryx and Crake 74, 76–8, 79–81, 87, 92
The Year of the Flood 74, 92
posthuman hierarchical position 100–105, 134
transgenic creations 87–8, 89–95, 106–110
Bacigalupi, Paolo 75, 78–9, 242–3
animal engineering 83, 84, 85–7, 88, 95–6
posthumans in hierarchy of power 97–100, 110–115, 134
‘Windup’ stories 15, 72–3, 75, 76, 81–2, 116–18
The Windup Girl 73, 82
Badiou, Alain 202
Badmington, Neil 13, 30
Posthumanism 41
Barrett, Michèle 31
Barthes, Roland 30
Bauman, Zygmunt 11–12, 15, 16, 45–51, 67–9, 77, 132, 189
critical of classical sociology 201–2, 203, 213
globalization 51–4
humans as objects of
consumption 134–5, 137, 138, 140, 177, 225–6, 227
individualization 57, 58–63, 147, 151, 152, 160–61, 178, 198, 240
interregnum 117
pre 9/11 sociological predictions 200, 201–2, 223
Bear, Greg 25
Blood Music 24
Beck, Ulrich 47, 57–8, 151, 162, 189, 200
Beck-Gernsheim, Elisabeth 146–7, 162, 189
(p.267) Bergthaller, Hannes 76–7
Berlanti, Greg 181
Berlin Wall, fall of 202
bin Laden, Osama 202–3, 224n8
biological sciences 1–3
biopunk 8–9, 14–15
literature 71–118
origins 24–8, 71
Bioshock video game 16, 245
autonomy and agency of user 169–77
disguised nature of ‘control’ dynamic 177–8
first-person perspective 149–50
freedom of choice and morality 162–9
illusion of player control 173–4
posthuman utopian/dystopian background 148–62
Birch-Bayley, Nicole 223
Bishop, Kyle 203, 206, 220
Blavatsky, Helena 32n6, 34
The Secret Doctrine 32
Blish, James 34
Bogost, Ian 159, 163
Bond, Elson 204–5
Boon, Kevin 207, 211
Bordwell, David 186
Bostrom, Nick 13, 37, 38
Bould, Mark 19n2
Bourgonjon, Jeroen 166, 167
Boyle, Danny 205–6n4, 211, 243
Braidotti, Rosi 13, 14, 41, 43–5, 48, 51, 53, 55, 69
commodification of humanism 134, 241
definition of monstrous 142
The Posthuman 31–2, 41, 43–5
Brooks, Max 211, 233
Browning, Tod, Dracula 122
Buchanan, Robert 3
Bui, Diem-My T. 122, 132
Butler, Andrew 21
Butler, Octavia E. 26
‘Xenogenesis’ trilogy 25
Caeners, Torsten 189–90
Callus, Ivan 34, 35, 41
Calvert, Bronwen 191
Cameron, James 26, 38
Campbell, Joseph 179
Canavan, Gerry 97, 106
Carroll, Lewis, Alice in Wonderland 85–6
Carter, Chris 82
Castells, Manuel 201
Catts, Oron 237, 238–9, 240, 241, 246
Cherryh, C.J., Cyteen 9
Christie, Deborah 218, 234
Cohen, Jeffrey 122, 132, 144, 145
Cohen, Simchi 226, 234
Collins, Margo 204–5
communication technology 20–21
Coogan, Peter 186
Cooke, Grayson 107
Cramer, Kathryn 20
Crick, Francis 9, 10, 20
Crutzen, Paul 75
Csicsery-Ronay, Istvan 18–19, 22, 23, 28, 33
cyberpunk 7–8, 14, 21–4
discourse of posthumanism 23–4
origins 21–4
Darabont, Frank, The Walking Dead 206
Daredevil TV series 183
Davies, Tony 30
Davis, Diane E. 200–201
Davis, Mark 68
Davis Rogan, Alcena Madeline 6
de Toqueville, Alexis 56
Deleuze, Gilles 44
Dendle, Peter 213, 216–17
Derrida, Jacques 41, 82–3, 99, 127, 129–30
DeVries, Hugo 8
Di Filippo, Paul 25n4, 26
Diken, Bülent 210, 217
Downey, Anthony 225
Dunning, Stephen 100
Durkheim, Émile 58
Dyson, Freeman 3, 20
(p.268) ecological catastrophe 75–82
Embry, Karen 216, 243
Fingeroth, Danny 188
Fitting, Peter 6
Foster, Thomas 7–8, 23
Foucault, Michel 29, 30, 34–5, 224, 225, 232
Fox Keller, Evelyn 239
Freud, Sigmund 146
Froula, Anna 220
Fukuyama, Francis 102
Our Posthuman Future 38–9
Galloway, Alexander 165, 170, 174, 175
Garland, Alex 243
Gelbart, William 239
genetic engineering 1–2, 8–11, 39, 122–3
commodification of 132–40, 134–6, 141, 153, 238, 240
cultural impact of genetics 237–9
exaggeration of future developments 238–40
negotiating scientific consequences 121, 124, 127
rDNA developments 20, 27–8, 39, 59–60
Gibson, William 7, 22–3
Mona Lisa Overdrive 38
Neuromancer 72
Giddens, Anthony 147
global terrorism see 9/11 terrorist attacks
globalization
comparison to terrorism 202–3
global change 75–6
“human waste” 54–6, 225–6, 243
liquid modernity 50–56
new forms of sovereignty 224–33
power of capitalism and corpocracy 202–3
Goddard, Drew 183
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Faust 119
Guattari, Félix 44
Gunn, James 6
Habermas, Jürgen 38
Hadley, Stephen 220
Hageman, Andrew 86, 87
Halberstam, Judith 39
Haldane, J.B.S. 1–3, 20
dystopian warnings 4, 6, 7, 13, 14, 120
Halperin, Victor, White Zombie 204
Hantke, Steffen 207, 208, 215
Haraway, Donna 7, 35–7, 39, 44, 45, 86, 87–8, 96, 109
‘Cyborg Manifesto’ 123
Hardt, Michael 216, 224
Harmon, Jon 181
Hartwell, David 20
Harvey, David 50
Hassan, Ihab 35
Hayles, N. Katherine 45
How We Became Posthuman 40
Heinlein, Robert A., Beyond This Horizon 9
Herbe, Sarah 9–10
Herbrechter, Stefan 32n6, 34, 35, 41, 43, 69
Heroes TV series 16–17, 180–85, 186–91, 245–6
9/11 attack references 195–7
‘explosion’ future 193–9
solar eclipse symbolism 192
Hocking, Clint 162, 166–8
Hoffmann, E.T.A., ‘The Sandman’ 119
Human Genome Project (HGP) 4–5, 7, 10–11, 14, 28, 187–8, 238, 239
human-animal hybridity 89–96, 120–21
humanism 29–32, 39
exceptionalism 83, 91, 93, 96, 100, 144–5, 192, 242
speciesism 82, 83, 144–5 (p.269)
Huxley, Aldous 149
Brave New World 9
individuality 146–78
freedom of choice and morality 162–9, 177–8
genetic autonomy 146–7, 148, 157, 158, 244
negotiating consequences of individualization 146–8, 155, 175, 244
search for self-identity 155–6
information technology 20–21
Jacobsen, Michael Hviid 12, 62, 67, 69
Jacoby, Russell 68
Jameson, Fredric 22, 202
Jessica Jones TV series 183
Jones, Denna 237
Jones, Paul 215
Kac, Eduardo 26, 84, 120
Katz, Sylvan 27, 28
Kay, Glenn 204
Kennedy, Sean 158
Kirkman, Robert 206
Kress, Nancy, ‘Sleepless’ series 25
Kring, Tim 182, 188–9, 191, 196
Krzywinska, Tanya 149, 157
Ku, Chung-Hao 89, 90, 109
Kushner, David 186
Lacan, Jacques 202
Lash, Scott 168–9, 170
Latham, Rob 23
Lauro, Sarah Juliet 216, 218, 243
Laustsen, Carsten Bagge 210, 217
Lee, Ang, Hulk 180
Lévi-Strauss, Claude 143
Levina, Martina 122, 132
Levine, Ken 149, 154, 171–2
Levitas, Ruth 69
The Concept of Utopia 65–7
Levy, Michael 9
Lévy, Pierre 200
Lieber, Jeffrey 182
Lindee, Susan 238
Lindelof, Damon 182
Linhart, Danièle 54
liquid modernity 46–63, 68–9, 77, 188
concept of homo sacer 225–33
globalization 50–56, 210, 217
impact of 9/11 terrorist attacks 201–3, 210
increased societal precarity 210, 213, 217–18, 219, 222–3, 244
individuality and consumerism 56–63, 169, 240–42
new forms of sovereignty 224–33
postmodernity to liquid modernity 46–50
role of superhero in postmodernity 179–99, 245–6
Livingston, Ira 39
Lost TV series 182, 183
Lovecraft, H.P. 34
Luckhurst, Roger 6 Science Fiction 19n2
Lyotard, Jean-François 18, 41, 79, 82, 102–3, 124
McAlister, Elizabeth 204
MacCormack, Patricia 142, 144
MacFarlane, Alan 56
McHale, Brian 7–8
Constructing Postmodernism 23–4
McLuhan, Marshall 45, 199
McNeill, Paul 75
Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) 183, 186
Marx, Karl 31, 47–8
Matheson, Richard 236
Mbembe, Achille 52, 226, 230, 232
Mendel, Gregor 8
Misfits TV series 180–81, 182
Monroe, Mary Alice 192, 195
monstrosity, consequences of genetic engineering 121–32, 141–5, 244
(p.270) Moore, Sharon 214
Moore, Stephen 151
Moravec, Hans 13, 37–8
More, Thomas, Utopia 6
Morgan, T.H. 8
Moylan, Tom 64
Demand the Impossible 7
Scraps of the Untainted Sky 7, 64n8
Mumford, Lewis 12
Muntean, Nick 220, 229
Murphy, Graham 21
Natali, Vincenzo, Splice 15–16, 120–45, 244–5
Nayar, Pramod K. 38, 41
Ndalianis, Angela 179–80
Negri, Antonio 216, 224
Neitzel, Britta 149
Nelkin, Dorothy 238
Newitz, Annalee 26–7, 28
9/11 terrorist attacks 200–203
impact on sociological theory 200–203
popular culture and negotiation of aftermath 203–233
Nixon, Nicola 23
No Ordinary Family TV series 180–81
Noon, Jeff 26
Norman, Richard, On Humanism 29
Orwell, George 149
Animal Farm 91–2, 95
Otto, Eric 117
Overman, Howard 181
Pacific Rim movie 222
Packer, Joseph 155, 157, 159–60, 166, 178
Parker, Helen, Biological Themes in Modern Science Fiction 8
Parmelee, Maurice 32n6
Parrinder, Patrick 3n1
Parry, Jovian 90, 91
Patterson, Meredith 27–8
Payne, Matthew 220, 229
Peacock, Steven 192
Pegg, Simon 212
Shaun of the Dead 206
Penn, Zak, Alphas 180–81
Peterson, Wolfgang, Outbreak 221n7
Pordzik, Ralph 108
Porter, Lynette 189
posthumanism 13–14, 15–17, 23, 29–46
becoming posthuman 106–116
critical posthumanism 39–46, 127
critical theory 34–9
cyborg metaphor 35–7, 39
ecological catastrophe 75–82
hierarchies of power 97–105
humanist origins 18–19, 29–32
interregnum 116–18
‘monster’ or ‘creature’ 121–32
monstrous sexuality and perversion 141–5
negotiating scientific consequences 121, 124, 127, 198–9
origins in proto-science-fiction 32–4
posthuman society 233–6
posthuman zombies 200–236
xenogenesis 106–116, 119–45
zoe-centric position 43, 49
Powers, Richard, Galatea 19
Prucher, Jeff 34
Raimi, Sam, Spider-Man 180
Rand, Ayn 152, 162
Atlas Shrugged 149, 150–51
Readings, Bill 18
Reiss, Michael 4
Resident Evil film series 17, 205n3, 208–9, 218, 227–33, 243
model of paradigm changes 207–8, 212, 214–15
‘viral contagion’ metaphor 218–19
Reynolds, Richard 184
ribofunk 25n4
(p.271) Romero, George A. 212, 221, 227, 234
Dawn of the Dead 206
Night of the Living Dead 204
Romney, Jonathan 135
Rosenberg, Melissa 183
Roth, Philip, The Plot Against America 19
Rovirosa-Madrazo, Citlali 59
Roy, Arundhati 200, 203
Rozelle, Lee 88, 102
Rucker, Rudy, Software 38
Russo, Joe, Captain America: The Winter Soldier 180
Salen, Katie 170
Sargent, Lyman Tower 63–5
science fiction (sf) 5–6, 18–28
genetic engineering as theme 9–11
genre demarcation lines 71–2
origins 32–4
reflection of technological changes and social impact 6–7, 11–12, 14
space opera subgenre 20
see also biopunk; cyberpunk
scientific progress 1–3
changing social and political context 17
humanism and modernity 4
philosophical debate 5
Prometheus mythology 2–3
Shaviro, Steven 226
Shelley, Mary, Frankenstein 6, 32–4, 119
Shirley, John 148n1
Short, Sue 182
Sicart, Miguel 167
Sigusch, Volkmar 141
Silver, Lee M. 39
Simmons, David 199
Slonczewski, Joan 9
Sloterdijk, Peter 38
Smith, Michael Marshall 26
Spares 9
Snyder, Zack 206, 212
Sobchack, Vivian 121, 122
social engineering 119–45
adjusting the ‘is’ 119–20
‘monster’ or ‘creature’ 121–32
parenthood and liquid modernity 132–40
Soderbergh, Steven, Contagion 221n7
Solis-Gadea, Hector-Raul 200
Soper, Kate 29–30
sovereignty, new postmodern form 224–33
speciesism 82
Stableford, Brian 4
Inherit the Earth 9
Steffen, Will 75
Sterling, Bruce 19, 21, 22, 24, 25
Schmismatrix 24n3
Stiegler, Bernard 107
Storey, Francoise 106
Storey, Jeff 106
Stratton, Jon 227
Strickland, Ben 186, 194
Sullivan, Heather 115
superhero
identifying conventions 186–7
negotiating posthumanism and liquid modernity 185–91
popularity of superhero genre 186
role in utopian/dystopian future 179–99
theme of genetically mutated humanity 180–81, 187–8
utopian possibilities 192–9
Suvin, Darko 22–3
Taine, John, Seeds of Life 9
Tait, Colin 216
Tavinor, Grant 163, 169, 173
Taylor, Nik 127
Teachout, Terry 151, 152
terrorism 229–30
Tester, Keith 68, 69
The Matrix movie 38
The Terminator movie 38
(p.272) The X-Files TV series 182–3
Thrift, Nigel 53–4
Tickell, Crispin 76, 79
Touraine, Alain 200
transhumanism 5, 13, 37
Transhumanist Declaration 5
Tucker, Bob 20
28 Days franchise 17, 205–6n4, 209, 218, 232, 233, 243
ideology of ‘preemptive security’ 219–21
paradigm changes in zombie fiction 207–8, 211–12, 215
posthuman necropolitics 230–31
‘viral contagion’ metaphor 218–19
utopian literature 12, 63–70
Vanden Bossche, Andrew 172–3
Venter, Craig 11, 120
Vint, Sherryl 19n2, 21, 118, 225, 226, 232
von Neumann, John 20–21
Waggner, George, The Wolf Man 122
Warkentin, Traci 89
Watson, James 9, 10, 20
Wegner, Philip 202
Weinstock, Jeffrey 128
Weiss, Allen S. 131
Wells, H.G. 1
The Island of Doctor Moreau 9, 34
The Time Machine 34
Whale, James, Frankenstein 122
Whedon, Joss
Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D 180
The Avengers 180
Wilhelm, Kate, Where Late the Sweet Birds Sang 9
Wilson, Sharon 91–2
Witt, Alexander 214
Wohlsen, Marcus 27–8
Wolfe, Cary 43, 69, 82
What is Posthumanism? 13, 41, 42
Wolmark, Jenny 12, 13
Wood, Robin 215
World War Z movie 216, 222, 227
Zimmerman, Eric 170
Žižek, Slavoj 198–9, 202–3, 217–18, 224n8, 229, 230n9
zombie fiction 203–233, 243–4
acceleration of characters 207, 213–16
analogy of zombies and displaced people 227
changes in representations and conventions 204–5, 207–8, 214–16
cultural cypher for social insecurities 204, 206
differentiation for mainstream and cult audiences 208
frontier-land and breakdown of social order 219–23
global sovereignty and necropolitics 224–33
‘herd’ and ‘swarm’ analogies 215–16
ideology of ‘preemptive security’ 219–21
popular culture’s negotiation of 9/11 aftermath 203–233
posthuman society 233–6
renaissance of zombie culture 205–9
terror of familiar becoming threat 210–219
‘viral contagion’ metaphor 218–19
Zurr, Ionat 237, 238–9, 240, 241, 246