This chapter provides a summary of satire 10 and scholarly comment on it. It describes the major issues raised by the poem and designates its layers and main thrusts. Its novelty is pointed out, and the aspects of attack, entertainment and preaching are discussed. The aims of the satirist here are also discussed: whether he is genuinely trying to win his readers over to certain attitudes or not, at the very least he can teach us to think. The poem keeps us on our toes, analysing his points, accepting some, but objecting to others. It also raises some major questions. Does prayer achieve anything? Are there gods, and, if so, are they malevolent? Does prayer achieve anything? Is religion necessary or useful?
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