This chapter provides the Latin test and a literal translation into English of the conclusion to Juvenal’s tenth satire and a detailed critical appreciation of those lines (346-366), paying particular attention to poetic aspects such as sound, rhythm, style, diction, imagery, vividness and narrative technique, and also assessing humour, wit, irony and the force and validity of the satirical thrusts. This lively conclusion contains a series of surprises and takes the whole issue of prayer a lot further. The poet now progresses to what we CAN pray for (listing various things), but he also undermines prayer by saying that we should leave it to the gods themselves to give us what is best for us, by claiming that we can secure blessings ourselves without recourse to deities, and even calling into question the whole idea of divinity in the final lines.
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