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Iberian ModalitiesA Relational Approach to the Study of Culture in the Iberian Peninsula$
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Joan Ramon Resina

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781846318337

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781846318337.001.0001

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The Iberian Problem: A Confederative Model for Pessoa's Heteronyms

The Iberian Problem: A Confederative Model for Pessoa's Heteronyms

(p.212) Chapter Thirteen The Iberian Problem: A Confederative Model for Pessoa's Heteronyms
Iberian Modalities

Humberto Brito

Liverpool University Press

Drawing on writings from circa 1917 to 1931, this chapter discusses Fernando Pessoa's stance on Iberian unification, and how his model for such unification serves as a guide for the kind of unity he sought for his “heteronymical” system of poets. It examines the implications of Pessoa's rejection of the federalist model for the “Armonía Ibérica” (as proposed by Miguel de Unamuno); his defense of an Iberian “confederation”, in which the cultural individuality of Portugal and Catalonia relative to Castile would be preserved and possibly enhanced; and how the “disintegration of Spain” required by such project may be read as an allegory of poetic depersonalization.

Keywords:   Fernando Pessoa, Iberian unification, Federalism, Heteronyms, Portugal, Spain, Catalonia

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