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French Scientific and Cultural Diplomacy$
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Philippe Lane

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781846318658

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781846318658.001.0001

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Cultural and Scientific Action since 1995: Soft Power or Hard Power?

Cultural and Scientific Action since 1995: Soft Power or Hard Power?

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 Cultural and Scientific Action since 1995: Soft Power or Hard Power?
Source:
French Scientific and Cultural Diplomacy
Author(s):

Philippe Lane

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9781846318658.003.0003

France wields soft power – the peaceful means of influence, contrasting with hard power, a more coercive approach which can include use of military force; separation of the cultural from the diplomatic is crucial in order to detach the debate of ideas from the diplomatic service. France needs an effective Internet portal for culture and the debate of ideas in the face of continuing globalization. New agencies for 2010 were a new public body for industry and commerce known as CampusFrance, the Institut français, contributing abroad to cultural and linguistic diversity, and France Expertise Internationale to promote French technical assistance and international expertise abroad, also supervising projects with bilateral or multilateral funding. Reform through a ‘ministry of globalization’ would mean unified local networks would be formed by the cultural services in the embassies and financially autonomous bodies; a ministry of European and foreign affairs would define priorities and strategies, links between cultural initiatives and foreign policy and to facilitate the realization of the cultural projects abroad. Cultural diplomacy is developing through the arrival of new actors and the development of a multilateral approach: new science and technology programmes address global challenges – climate change, food security, energy and infectious diseases.

Keywords:   soft power, technical, multilateral, Europe, globalization

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