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Caribbean CritiqueAntillean Critical Theory from Toussaint to Glissant$
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Nick Nesbitt

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781846318665

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781846318665.001.0001

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Foundations of Caribbean Critique: From Jacobinism to Black Jacobinism

Foundations of Caribbean Critique: From Jacobinism to Black Jacobinism

Chapter:
(p.29) CHAPTER ONE Foundations of Caribbean Critique: From Jacobinism to Black Jacobinism
Source:
Caribbean Critique
Author(s):

Nick Nesbit

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9781846318665.003.0002

Argues that the Haitian Revolution and the subsequent tradition of Caribbean Critique should be understood as a tradition of ‘Black Jacobinism.’ Building on C.L.R. James’ famous history, the chapter identifies in this tendency the singularity of anticolonial struggle in the French colonies. It argues that the (French) Jacobinism of Robespierre in particular, as a ‘politics principle, is explicitly taken up as a model and reference for two centuries of anti-colonial struggle, from Victor Schoelcher to Aimé Césaire and Frantz Fanon. Argues that Jacobinism and this black Jacobin tradition, rather than the Girondins or Thermidorians, are the true culmination of the Radical Enlightenment in France and its colonies.

Keywords:   Jacobinism, Black Jacobinism, Aimé Césaire, Radical Enlightenment

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