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Irish LondonMiddle-Class Migration in the Global Eighteenth Century$
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Craig Bailey

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781846318818

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781846318818.001.0001

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(p.54) 2 Bonding
Irish London

Craig Bailey

Liverpool University Press

This chapter examines community-building practices among Irish law students by reconstructing the process of bonding as it occurred in multiple, interconnected places such as Middle Temple Hall, the coffeehouse, and the tradesman's shop. The entry requirements of the Inns, which included the presentation of a security, or bond, encouraged Irish students to form social bonds with each other. Irish students acted as sureties for one another, in some cases bonds linked students entering the Inn at the same time, in others, students already sitting terms became signatories for new arrivals. Mapping out these ‘genealogies’ of bondsmen demonstrates that students engaged in collective behaviour and exposes one of the mechanisms those students used to reproduce community over time. Additionally, Irish students needed someone local and known to the governing body of the Inn to sign their bonds. Increased business and the potential to develop a steady customer base provided the incentives for tradesmen, artisans and shopkeepers to step up as sureties. Coffeehouse keepers were the most active members of the middling sort to sign bonds, and one particular house, ‘The Grecian’, became an Irish space where students and other migrants in London met and forged even closer relationships.

Keywords:   Middle Temple, Coffeehouse, Middling Sort, Genealogies, Law Student, Bonds

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