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Irish LondonMiddle-Class Migration in the Global Eighteenth Century$
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Craig Bailey

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781846318818

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781846318818.001.0001

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Conclusion: Final Destinations

Conclusion: Final Destinations

(p.215) Conclusion: Final Destinations
Irish London

Craig Bailey

Liverpool University Press

This concluding chapter provides an assessment of what middle-class Irish communities in London were, how they worked and who belonged to them. It was rare for the law student, lawyer or merchant to operate completely outside Irish circles, yet the evidence does not suggest that there was a unified, London-wide community of middle-class migrants. Nor were there multiple, self-contained communities in different parts of the metropolis, demarcated by occupation and place, such as those of merchants in the City. Instead, while a middle-class migrant knew the other members of this group—or at least knew about their reputations, circumstances and histories—he (or she) tended to have regular contact with only some of them. These smaller clusters of friends and families were not large or extensive enough to be considered communities in their own right, but the geography of communal relations extended far beyond the physical boundaries of the city. The clusters in London were in effect branches of communities, whose members looked outwards as well as inwards, and belonged to larger, global sets of connections. Rather than a single community of London Irish, there were multiple middle-class Irish communities operating simultaneously through London and across the globe.

Keywords:   London Irish, Community, Middle-Class, Global, Migrants

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