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Pubs and PatriotsThe Drink Crisis in Britain during World War One$
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Robert Duncan

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781846318955

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781846318955.001.0001

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The Carlisle Experiment: Lord D’Abernon’s ‘Model Farm’

The Carlisle Experiment: Lord D’Abernon’s ‘Model Farm’

(p.121) Chapter Five The Carlisle Experiment: Lord D’Abernon’s ‘Model Farm’
Pubs and Patriots

Robert Duncan

Liverpool University Press

This chapter considers the Carlisle Experiment undertaken by the CCB. The Board bought out the drink trade in Carlisle and managed to implement many of its radical ideas in the city. This scheme was a test case for many controversial temperance policies and its popularity and success was important as the Board later sought to introduce nationwide state purchase. The experiment is unique in the history of Britain and informs us just how seriously the drink issue was to the British government during the war. This chapter intends to broaden our understanding of the experiment, taking into consideration how the scheme was run, by whom and their relation to the CCB. How both the temperance and trade bodies viewed the experiment will be considered too, together with an assessment of its success. The scheme was so radical it was considered as an alternative to prohibition in the USA and Canada. The drink trade within Carlisle remained in public ownership until 1973. This chapter details why it was brought under the control of the state in the first place.

Keywords:   Carlisle, State Purchase, Nationalisation, Munitions production, Gretna, Harry Redfern, Central Control Board, Pubs

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