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Before the WindrushRace Relations in 20th-Century Liverpool$
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John Belchem

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781846319679

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781846319679.001.0001

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Riot, miscegenation and inter-war depression

Riot, miscegenation and inter-war depression

(p.39) Chapter Two Riot, miscegenation and inter-war depression
Before the Windrush

John Belchem

Liverpool University Press

As this chapter shows, the uneasy transition to peace after the First World War had a disastrous impact on labour and race relations amidst an economic reverse felt more acutely in Liverpool than elsewhere, a precursor of inter-war depression and decline. Race riots occurred in a number of ports in 1919 but those in Liverpool were particularly intense, reflecting tensions extending far beyond the local waterfront. Racism prevailed in philanthropic endeavour, a potent blend of paternalism, missionary zeal and faddist eugenics, exemplified at its worst in the Liverpool Association for the Welfare of Half-caste Children. Within the black community, self-help agencies promoted by Pastor Daniels Ekarte sought ‘British justice free of prejudice’ for colonials born or domiciled in Liverpool, but favoured their return to Africa once suitably trained and skilled, a project endorsed by the League of Coloured Peoples, the authentic voice of the small black middle-class elite in Britain.

Keywords:   First World War, riot, eugenics, miscegenation, ‘half-caste’, inter-war depression, League of Coloured Peoples

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