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Before the Windrush – Race Relations in 20th-Century Liverpool - Liverpool Scholarship Online
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Before the Windrush: Race Relations in 20th-Century Liverpool

John Belchem


Based on extensive primary sources, this study brings historical perspective and context to debate about race and immigration in Britain. The focus is on Liverpool and its pioneer but problematic race relations as the once proud Edwardian cosmopolitan ‘second city of empire’ transmogrified into the shock city of post-colonial, post-industrial Britain. As the gateway of empire, the great seaport of Liverpool attracted significant numbers of ‘coloured’ colonials long before the arrival of West Indian migrants on the ‘Empire Windrush’ in 1948. Their legal status as British subjects in the ‘mot ... More

Keywords: race relations, racism, black British, empire, decolonisation, immigration, multi-cultural, cosmopolitan, Liverpool, Empire Windrush

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9781846319679
Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2014 DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9781846319679.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

John Belchem, author
University of Liverpool