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The Knights Errant of AnarchyLondon and the Italian Anarchist Diaspora (1880-1917)$
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Pietro Paola

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781846319693

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781846319693.001.0001

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The Making of the Colony

The Making of the Colony

(p.37) 2 The Making of the Colony
The Knights Errant of Anarchy

Pietro Di Paola

Liverpool University Press

This chapter focuses on anarchist refugees who went to London to escape severe repression in Italy. It first provides a background on the political climate in Italy that forced anarchists to go into exile, particularly Giovanni Passanante’s failed attempt on the life of King Umberto I in 1878 that intensified the repression against the International. It then traces the roots of anarchist militancy in London’s Italian community to the arrival of Tito Zanardelli in the city following his expulsion from France. It also considers the emergence of an identifiable colony of Italian anarchist militants in London during the early 1880s, paying attention to the International Revolutionary Socialist Congress led by Errico Malatesta and other anarchists. Finally, the chapter discusses the political activities of Italian anarchists in London during the period.

Keywords:   anarchists, London, Italy, exile, International, militancy, Tito Zanardelli, International Revolutionary Socialist Congress, Errico Malatesta, political activities

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