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Porous CityA Cultural History of Rio de Janeiro$
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Bruno Carvalho

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781846319754

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781846319754.001.0001

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Beyond the Belle Époque: on the Border of a ‘Divided City’

Beyond the Belle Époque: on the Border of a ‘Divided City’

(p.74) Chapter Three Beyond the Belle Époque: on the Border of a ‘Divided City’
Porous City

Bruno Carvalho

Liverpool University Press

The chapter covers the first two decades of the twentieth century, when a drastic Paris-inspired urban reform in the Old City helped to create the idea (and to an extent the reality) of ‘two Rios de Janeiro’: one modern and beautiful, the other uncivilized and inhabited by the undesired. The chapter focuses not only on the ‘other’ city, but on mediating figures that frequented its different spaces, like the composer Chiquinha Gonzaga, and two mulatos and prominent writers whose works assume critical importance: João do Rio, a mixture of flâneur and investigative journalist, and the ‘damned’ novelist Lima Barreto, an active critic of the republic and its urban reforms. Less-well-known texts, like the travel accounts of João Pinheiro Chagas (a future prime minister of Portugal), also generate broader insights about urban development, and into the Cidade Nova’s role as a type of contact zone between expanding suburbs, the commercial and political centre, the port, and nascent favelas, or shanties built on hillsides.

Keywords:   divided city, Belle Époque, Pereira Passos, Chiquinha Gonzaga, João do Rio, Lima Barreto, João Pinheiro Chagas, favelas, suburbs

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