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HannibalRome's Greatest Enemy$
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Dexter Hoyos

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781904675464

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781904675464.001.0001

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Barcids Supreme (241–221)

Barcids Supreme (241–221)

(p.20) Chapter 3 Barcids Supreme (241–221)

Dexter Hoyos

Liverpool University Press

This chapter relates Hamilcar Barca's crucial role in leading Carthage to victory over rebel mercenary and subject Libyan forces after 241 in the Truceless War, thus becoming effective chief of state. It explains why he then undertook to impose Carthage's rule over wealthy southern Spain, and why he took his nine-year-old eldest son Hannibal with him after having him swear an oath ‘never to be friends with Rome’. The chapter concludes with how Hamilcar's successor, his son-in-law Hasdrubal, as ruler of Carthaginian Spain and de facto ruler of Carthage, consolidated her power in Spain, founding the city of New Carthage and later making Hannibal his military second-in-command.

Keywords:   Hamilcar Barca, Spain, Hasdrubal, Truceless War, Hannibal's Oath, New Carthage

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