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HannibalRome's Greatest Enemy$
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Dexter Hoyos

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781904675464

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781904675464.001.0001

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Hannibal, Carthage and the Mediterranean (216–209)

Hannibal, Carthage and the Mediterranean (216–209)

(p.62) Chapter 5 Hannibal, Carthage and the Mediterranean (216–209)

Dexter Hoyos

Liverpool University Press

This chapter explains how victory at Cannae at last brought many of Rome's central and southern Italian allies over to Hannibal's side. Macedon under King Philip V and Syracuse did so too, adding to pressures on Rome. Hannibal took constant care of his soldiers, recruiting Italians to replace losses and even maintaining two armies for some years. Carthage now militarily and diplomatically dominated North Africa, Spain, much of Italy, and much of Sicily, leaving Rome and her remaining allies virtually encircled. Nevertheless the Romans inflexibly refused to negotiate and reverted under Fabius Maximus and Claudius Marcellus to ‘Fabian tactics’ of avoiding battle and harassing defectors, stalemating Hannibal's invasion. His March on Rome in 211 failed and Capua, his major ally, capitulated; Roman forces in Spain distracted Carthage's resources until, also in 211, they were almost annihilated.

Keywords:   Philip V, Syracuse, Marcellus, ‘Fabian tactics’, March on Rome, Capua

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