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The Battle for the MigrantsIntroduction of Steamshipping on the North Atlantic and Its Impact on the European Exodus$
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Torsten Feys

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781927869000

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781927869000.001.0001

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The Role of Middlemen

The Role of Middlemen

(p.71) Chapter 1 The Role of Middlemen
The Battle for the Migrants

Torsten Feys

Liverpool University Press

This chapter offers a reassessment of the role of agents in the migration process, as it considers them the core link between migrant and shipping company. It deconstructs the layers of the agent network with a breakdown of the terminology used between brokers, expedients, agents, and runners; compares European and American migration legislation; analyses the American network in depth - services, pressures, and advertising strategies; and highlights the significance of an agent’s ethnicity when handling migration issues. It concludes that agents played a much larger role than merely organising the trip from destination to destination, they were akin to the economic and social gatekeepers of America and all the prospects it held.

Keywords:   Migrant Agents, Shipping Agents, Migration Legislation, Migrant Brokers, Migration Advertisements

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