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The Battle for the MigrantsIntroduction of Steamshipping on the North Atlantic and Its Impact on the European Exodus$
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Torsten Feys

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781927869000

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5949/liverpool/9781927869000.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 22 October 2019

The IMM Merger and Further Consolidations in the Shipping Industry

The IMM Merger and Further Consolidations in the Shipping Industry

Chapter:
(p.163) Chapter 3 The IMM Merger and Further Consolidations in the Shipping Industry
Source:
The Battle for the Migrants
Author(s):

Torsten Feys

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.5949/liverpool/9781927869000.003.0004

This chapter examines the International Merchant Marine (IMM) merger and consolidations in the shipping industry and how they affected the transatlantic passenger trade. It offers a close analysis of the strategies utilised by conferences against outside competitor lines; the level of success of the New York Continental Conference in preventing lines from enlarging market shares; the internal relations between conference members and the impact this had on steerage rates; the efforts to rationalise migrant agent networks through conference agreements; and the way the antitrust campaign caught up with the shipping industry during the Progressive Era. It concludes by asserting that conferences were willing to take strong measures to prevent the passage of American laws that might harm their business interests, particularly that of migrant shipping.

Keywords:   International Merchant Marine, J. P. Morgan, Cunard Line, Atlantic Conference, Nord Atlantische Dampfer Linien Verband, Shipping Cartels, Russian Transatlantic Migration

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